Is it smoking or related lifestyle variables that increase metabolic syndrome risk?
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:196 (3 September 2013)
Michel de Lorgeril and colleagues comment on a study showing that smoking is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and discuss how other lifestyle factors such as physical inactivity and alcohol consumption could explain the link.
Associations between smoking, components of metabolic syndrome and lipoprotein particle size
Anneke C Muller
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:195 (3 September 2013)
Smoking is associated with increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome irrespective of sex or body mass index, and the association is related to lipid changes, providing a mechanism linking smoking to increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Tobacco smoking and depression: time to move on to a new research paradigm in medicine?
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:138 (24 May 2013)
Peter de Jonge and Elisabeth Bos comment on a study showing smoking is a predictor of depression in heart disease patients, but argue that the use of both nomothetic and idiographic methods will provide more valid data.
Effects of smoking and smoking cessation on human serum metabolite profile: results from the KORA cohort study
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:60 (4 March 2013)
Serum metabolite profiles differ between smokers and non-smokers, and these changes are reversible after stopping smoking, suggesting the metabolites could be used as biomarkers to measure success of cessation interventions and evaluate disease risk.
Smoking and HIV: time for a change?
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:16 (22 January 2013)
Nicola Petrosillo and Stefania Cicalini comment on a meta-analysis showing that smoking increases the risk of pneumonia in people with HIV, and discuss the importance of incorporating smoking cessation into HIV care programs.
Systematic review and meta-analysis: influence of smoking cessation on incidence of pneumonia in HIV
BMC Medicine 2013, 11:15 (22 January 2013)
Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that smoking increases the risk of bacterial pneumonia in people with HIV, and the risk is reduced in former smokers, highlighting the importance of smoking cessation for these patients.
Passive smoking, invasive meningococcal disease and preventive measures: a commentary
BMC Medicine 2012, 10:160 (10 December 2012)
Harunor Rashid and Robert Booy comment on a systematic review published in BMC Public Health showing that passive smoke exposure increases the risk of meningococcal disease in children, and discuss possible strategies to prevent infection.
Perinatal nicotine exposure induces asthma in second generation offspring
BMC Medicine 2012, 10:129 (30 October 2012)
Smoking during pregnancy induces asthma in offspring, and the effects are permanently transmitted to subsequent generations via epigenetic changes in germ cells, providing a breakthrough in studying transgenerational effects of toxins.
Cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence and anxiety disorders: a systematic review of population-based, epidemiological studies
BMC Medicine 2012, 10:123 (19 October 2012)
A systematic review shows that smoking and nicotine dependence increase an individual?s risk of panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, but inconsistent evidence exists on whether increased anxiety is associated with these behaviors.