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Correction: Resection of  a malignant paraganglioma located behind the retrohepatic segment of the inferior vena cava (Chaoliu Dai, 11 August 2014)

The following is the corrections:     Page 1 of 5     1Department of General Surgery, China Medical University, 110004 Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P.R. China    Correction: 1Department of General Surgery, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, 110004 Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P.R. China     Page 4 of 5   Author details   1Department of General Surgery, China Medical University, 110004 Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P.R. China.     Correction: 1Department of General Surgery, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, 110004 Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P.R. China. read full comment

Comment on: Jia et al. BMC Surgery, 13:49

Author's Contribution (Germano Guerra, 08 May 2014)

Domenico Testa and Germano Guerra contributes equally at this paper. read full comment

Comment on: Testa et al. BMC Surgery, 13:S48

Table 2 Need a minor correction (kashif aziz, 10 March 2013)

In Table 2, under the column of relative Exclusion criteria, it is written 'cronic thyroiditis'. I think it is a typographic mistake. It should be 'CHRONIC thyroiditis'. read full comment

Comment on: Ruggieri et al. BMC Surgery, 5:9

Management of recurrent inguinal Hernia (Kenji Okumura, 12 December 2012)

This article "Open peritoneal versus anterior approach for recurrent inguinal hernia: a randomized study" is very interesting, unique and fascinating. It is difficult to collect and randomize those patients. Unfortunately, the rate of recurrence is too much high compared to 1% or less in other previous articles. The repair for recurrent inguinal hernia is one of the most difficult operations. The operators are demanding to thinking the way of repair based on the previous surgeries. Considering these issue, the arthors should document the previous way of repair and review the reason of high recurrent rate of inguinal hernia. read full comment

Comment on: Saber et al. BMC Surgery, 12:22

Severe inflammatory reaction induced by peritoneal trauma is the key driving mechanism of postoperative adhesion formation (chris vanheihgen, 11 May 2012)

This is a scholar paper with excelent design and simple assays. My comgratulations to authors!
Chris vanHeihgen, MD read full comment

Comment on: Pismensky et al. BMC Surgery, 11:30

Length of stay comparison. (Erik Nilsson, 06 March 2009)

In our study, hospital stay for all patients (3.1 days) was compared with hospital stay for all patients who had cholecystectomy in Sweden 2002 (4.4 days). However, in a subsequent study we found that after exclusion of patients with malignant or benign intra-abdominal or kidney tumor with a procedure code for tumor resection, the mean in-hospital stay for patients who had cholecystectomy in Sweden 2002-03 was 4.1 days[1]. After adjustment for 12% ambulatory cholecystectomies in Motala Hospital, the best comparison would be 3.5 days for patients with in-hospital stay in Motala versus 4.1 for Sweden. However, the main message of the report is that open cholecystectomy and concomitant removal of bile duct stones, should be considered a cost-effective alternative in a unit with... read full comment

Comment on: Leo et al. BMC Surgery, 6:5

points and clarifications arising (Aninda Chandra, 16 January 2009)

Dear BMC Surgery EditorsRe: The efficacy of intraoperative methylene blue enemas to assess the integrity of a colonic anastomosis. Smith S, McGeehin W, Kozol R, Giles D. BMC Surgery 2007; 7(1):15.The paper by Smith et al [1] highlights the paucity of knowledge regarding intra-operative assessment of anastomotic integrity and deserves credit in the formulation of an alternative test to that of air insufflation. There are obviously limitations to what a single centre retrospective non-case controlled study can contribute and while the authors do acknowledge some of these, there are a number of points that arise. The endpoint of the study was post-operative leak (PoL), but this was poorly defined and ideally could have been tested by radiological means (e.g. contrast) and a few surgeons... read full comment

Comment on: Smith et al. BMC Surgery, 7:15


The fistula plug technique is a new appreciable innovation.However some of the high fistulas have side branches and associated cavities. Filling all these tree like fistulas is practically not possible.Furthermore we should also take into consideration the cost and availability of such biological plug. For selected patients with simple high fistulas,this new technique is a truly good innovation. read full comment

Comment on: van Koperen et al. BMC Surgery, 8:11

Appendicitis- a common presentation of uncommon diseases (JOHN GRIFSON, 10 December 2007)

Appendicitis ,a common surgical emergency is known for its complex presentations.Although appendicitis usually results secondary to luminal obstruction,one has to remember that tumors of appendix also presents as appendicitis(1).There are case reports of caecal carcinoma(2),ileocaecal tuberculosis presenting as appendicitis.Histopathological examination of appendectomy specimens is a routine in most hospitals.It is essential to document inflamed appendix as the cause of pain abdomen and to rule out a tumor of appendix REFERENCES1)McCusker ME, Cote TR, Clegg LX, Sobin LH. Primary malignant neoplasms of the appendix: A population-based study from the surveillance, epidemiology and end-results program, 1973-1998. Cancer 2002;94:3307-122)Bizer LS.Acute appendicitis is rarely the initial... read full comment

Comment on: Jones et al. BMC Surgery, 7:17

alternative possibilities (ashish ohri, 14 November 2006)

Sir,a very good case report of necrotizing fascitis secondary to cecal perforation.i would like to add that radiological investigations in these cases provide with the diagnosis of retroperitoneal abscess but not with the source of the abscess this case while doing the debridement, the source could be localized but in practice, the more common source would be a perforated retrocecal appendix or pyonephrosis, for which a deliberate effort should be made if the source is not readily clear.with warm regards,Dr Ashish OhriDeptt of Surgery.Dayanand Medical COllege & Hospital,LudhianaIndia. read full comment

Comment on: Marron et al. BMC Surgery, 6:11

Field Restriction (Dave Hopkins, 25 April 2006)

The only possible contraindication to an open small incision cholecystectomy is that an unexperienced surgeon may be impacted by the limited range of the field. However, seeing as many of these cases were elective cases, unexperienced surgeons probably did not perform them. Looking at this scenario from the perspective of a busy Emergency Department, I would have to say that during a time of increased patient flow or heavy trauma, a case like this would be deemed a non-life-threatening emergency and would most likely be handed off to a less experienced surgeon. This could result in extreme morbidity or mortality in a severe case. This is a very unusual situation and may never occur. But, this is a subject and scenario that could possibly be postulated before such a scenario became standard... read full comment

Comment on: Leo et al. BMC Surgery, 6:5

Can bile duct injuries be prevented? A grossly underpowered study. (P Sufi, 04 July 2005)

This study is not powered to detect bile duct injuries (BDI). If we assume that BDI incidence is around 0.5%, then a study population of 46 patients can not realistically detect any difference in the BDI rate. read full comment

Comment on: Sari et al. BMC Surgery, 5:14

Naltrexone (Russell Rusty Reitz, 12 February 2005)

I would like to know or have more knowledge ofNaltrexone on it's use in the Irritable bowelsyndrome area. If you have knowledge in area please foreword it to RussellRusty Reitz. Apparently a lot of people areaware of this drug for IBS. Also any or moreknowledge that you might want to share with me.Thanks much read full comment

Comment on: Beco et al. BMC Surgery, 4:15

What decision to take? (Imthiaz Ahamed, 19 January 2004)

The case was really an interesting one. But the decision whether to operate if it is a high risk with poor control has not been specified.For the case mentioned, how could we proceed if the condition of the patient is worsening? Could you throw some light on this as it will help junior doctors like us. read full comment

Comment on: Brinkman et al. BMC Surgery, 4:1