Table 5

Summary of studies investigating sex differences in hip adduction angles and moments during a vertical landing task

References

Population

Landing Task

Result†

Category

Mean Age (years)

Double-Leg vs. Single Leg

Height (cm)

at IC

peak

RoM


Hip Adduction Angle

Wallace et al. [43]

Adult-Athlete

21.6

Double

maximum vertical jump height

---

+

---

Earl et al. [23]

Adult

22.8

Double

31

---

+

---

Kernozek et al. [32]

Adult

24.1

Double

60

0

0

0

Pappas et al. [37]

Adult

28.5

Double & Single

40

---

0b

---

Lephart et al. [34]

Adult-Athlete

20.3

Single

20

---

0

---

Orishimo et al. [36]

Adult-Athlete

26.3

Single

30

0

0a

0

Kernozek et al. [10]

Adult

23.4

Single

50

---

0

---

TOTAL*

% (-/+/0)

0/0/100

0/29/71

0/0/100

Hip Adduction Moment

Chaudhari et al. [9]

Adult

19.9

Double

30.48

---

0

---

Kernozek et al. [32]

Adult

24.1

Double

60

---

0

---

Orishimo et al. [36]

Adult-Athlete

26.3

Single

30

0

0

---

TOTAL*

% (-/+/0)

0/0/100

0/0/100

---


† +: greater value in female subjects; -: smaller value in female subjects; 0: no differences between sexes; ---: not investigated

a hip adduction angle at peak knee flexion angle

b hip adduction angle at 40° knee flexion angle

* Percentage of studies having found lower (-), greater (+), and similar (0) values in female subjects in comparison with male subjects

IC: initial ground contact; RoM: range of motion

Beaulieu and McLean Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:10   doi:10.1186/1758-2555-4-10

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