Table 1

Description of sweeteners

Sweetener

Commercial products

Nutritive, kcal/g

Sweetness intensity,

relative to sucrose


Non-caloric

Acesulfame-K [83-85]

Sunett®

0

200

Aspartame [83-86]

Equal®, NutraSweet®

4

180

Cyclamate [83-85]

0

30-50

Saccharin [83-85]

Sweet'N Low®, Sugar Twin®, Hermesetas®

0

300-500

Sucralose [83-85]

Splenda®a

0

600

Sugar alcohol

Hydrogenated starch hydrolysate (HSH) [85]

≤3

0.4-0.9

Lycasin [87]

2.4

0.75

Maltitol [85]

3

0.9

Sorbitol [85,86]

2.6

0.6

Saccharide

Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) [88]

2

0.3-0.6

Fructose [85,86,89]

4

1-2

Glucose [86,89]

≥ 4

0.5-1

High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) [85,89]

Varieties: HFCS 55, HFCS 42, HFCS 90

≥ 4

~1

Honey [90]

≥ 4

1-1.5

Isomaltulose [88,91]

Palatinose

4

0.5

Maltose [86,89]

≥ 4

0.5

Sucromalt [88]

4

0.7

Sucrose [86,89]

4

1 (reference)

Tagatose [83]

1.5

0.9

Trehalose [92]

4

0.45


aSplenda also contains maltodextrin and sometimes dextrose which are both nutritive

Wiebe et al. BMC Medicine 2011 9:123   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-123

Open Data