Table 1

Associations between Mediterranean diet1 or olive oil intake2 and coronary heart disease in European populations
Study [reference] Population (age) Age (yr) Number Follow-up (yr) CVD risk (HR; 95% CI) P value
EPIC Greece [5] Greek adults 20 to 86 22,043 3.67 0.67 (0.47 to 0.94) <0.0011
EPICOR [8] Italian women 35 to 74 29,689 7.85 0.56 (0.31 to 0.99) 0.042
PREDIMED trial [9] Spanish older adults (55 to 80 yr) 55 to 80 7,447 4.8 0.65 (0.47 to 0.89) 0.012
EPIC Spain [10] Spanish adults (29 to 69 yr) 29 to 69 40,142 10.4 0.78 (0.59 to 1.03) 0.0502

1Two-point increment in Mediterranean diet score.

2Trend for upper versus lower quartile of olive oil intake.

Tapsell

Tapsell BMC Medicine 2014 12:100   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-100

Open Data