Table 1

Developmental tasks for adolescents and young adults [67].

The adolescent tasks:

The adult tasks:


(a) integration in the peer group

(b) acceptance of physical maturity

(c) establishment of an autonomous identity

(d) achievement of independence from parents

(e) preparation of future family life

(f) achievement of sociopolitical awareness

(g) preparation for an occupation

(h) having a romantic relationship

(i) formation of close friendships

(a) taking over responsibility as a citizen

(b) the development of a firm partnership

(c) living with the partner

(d) establishing a family

(e) caring for a family

(f) starting a career

(g) becoming integrated in a social group

(h) establishing an independent household


Hochberg and Belsky BMC Medicine 2013 11:113   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-113

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