Table 1

Study selection criteria.

Inclusion Criteria


Those studies:

• Which investigated neuromuscular warm-up strategies without the need for additional equipment other than that readily available at training or competition venues

• for the prevention of any lower limb injury (hip, thigh, knee, ankle, leg)

• using functional training

• could be performed anywhere (for example, on-pitch)

• without the use of specialist apparatus

• easily incorporated into regular activity

• Which are detailed enough for replication

• Where injury incidence was an outcome


Exclusion Criteria


Those studies:

• Where the intervention is not part of a warm-up program

• Using home-based exercises due to the poor uptake and regular commitment

• Using equipment (for example, wobble board training) due to cost and availability

• Where the intervention included training outside of sporting participation sessions

• Where participants had an ongoing injury

• Using no control or comparison group

• Which were non-peer reviewed articles

• Of single participant study design


Herman et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:75   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-75

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