Table 4

Effect of exercise therapy on physical functioning.

Diagnosis [Reference]

Intervention

Control

No trials/patients in analyses

Treatment effect


Fibromyalgia [14]

Aerobic training

Various (wait list, control, no exercise, treatment as usual)

4/253

SMDa 0.66 (95% CI 0.41 to 0.92)


Strength training

Control (not specified)

2/47

SMD 0.52 (95% CI -0.07 to 1.10)


Low back pain [22]

Exercise (many different types)

No treatment

9/NRb

WMDc -3.31 on a 100-point scale (95% CI -4.83 to -1.79)


Minimal care

14/NR

WMD -6.41 on a 100-point scale (95% CI -9.76 to -3.05)


Neck pain [21]

General strength and conditioning exercises

Minimal or no intervention

2/141

WMD 1.00 on a 100-point scale (95% CI -3.00 to 5.00)


Shoulder pain [20]

Graded exercise therapy, progressive resistance, active range of motion

Active or no intervention

4/358

SMD 0.15 (95% CI 0.01 to 0.29)


Osteoporosis [15]

Static, dynamic, or non-weight-bearing exercise

Various

NR

NR


Osteoarthritis knee [16]

Any land-based therapeutic exercise regimen

Various (not specified)

32/3719

SMD -0.37 (95% CI -0.49 to -0.25)


Osteoarthritis hip [17]

Any land-based therapeutic exercise regimen

Various (not specified)

5/187

SMD -0.10 (95% CI -0.51 to 0.32)


Rheumatoid arthritis [18]

Short-term aerobic capacity and muscle-strength training

Various (not specified)

2/74

SMD -0.40 (95% CI -0.86 to 0.06)


Short-term aerobic capacity training only

Various (not specified)

2/66

SMD -0.03 (95% CI -0.46 to 0.51)


Ankylosing spondylitis [19]

Supervised home exercise program

No intervention

1/155

SMD 0.12 (95% CI -0.20 to 0.43)


a Standardized mean difference.

b Not reported.

c Weighted mean difference.

Hagen et al. BMC Medicine 2012 10:167   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-167

Open Data