Table 1

Characteristics of 851 long term care residents as categorized by whether a psychotropic drug change occurred during follow-up (%, unless indicated)
Psychotropic drug change Psychotropic user without a drug No psychotropic medication use P-value
(n = 405) change (n = 289) (n = 157)
Mean age (years, ± S.D.) 87.4 ± 8.8 86.9 ± 8.5 87.1 ± 10.2 0.76
Female 75.1 73.0 75.8 0.76
Cognition
Normal or mild impairment 20.1 20.6 29.0
Moderate impairment 58.6 52.4 44.7
Severe impairment 21.3 27.1 26.3 0.03
Pain
None 55.6 66.4 74.5
Mild 26.4 22.0 13.1
Moderate to severe 18.0 11.6 12.4 <0.001
Depression
None 41.4 60.5 74.2
Mild to moderate 26.3 20.7 15.9
Severe 32.3 18.8 9.9 <0.001
Fallers during 1 year follow-up
1 fall 23.5 18.7 13.4
≥ 2 falls 41.0 22.5 12.1 <0.001
Rate of falls during 1 year follow-up (per 1,000 person-days) 7.6 4.1 2.0 <0.001
Mean follow-up (days, ± S.D.) 268 ± 121 258 ± 136 255 ± 132 0.47

Echt et al.

Echt et al. BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:19   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-19

Open Data