Table 2

List of biomass components

Carbohydrates and sugars

Starch, sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose


Protein (amino acids)

Alanine, arginine, aspartate, asparagine, cystein, lysine, leucine, isoleucine, glutamate, glutamine, histidine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, tyrosine, tryptophan, valine

Nucleotides

ATP, GTP, CTP, UTP, dATP, dGTP, dCTP, dTTP

Fatty acids

C16:0 (Palmitic acid)

Vitamins and cofactors

Biotin, coenzyme A, riboflavin, folate, chlorophyll, nicotinamide, thiamine, ubiquinone,


Gomes de Oliveira Dal’Molin et al. BMC Genomics 2011 12(Suppl 4):S5   doi:10.1186/1471-2164-12-S4-S5

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