This article is part of the supplement: Proceedings of the 2009 AMIA Summit on Translational Bioinformatics
Transcriptional network classifiers
Childrens' Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
BMC Bioinformatics 2009, 10(Suppl 9):S1-S17 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-10-S9-S1Published: 17 September 2009
Gene interactions play a central role in transcriptional networks. Many studies have performed genome-wide expression analysis to reconstruct regulatory networks to investigate disease processes. Since biological processes are outcomes of regulatory gene interactions, this paper develops a system biology approach to infer function-dependent transcriptional networks modulating phenotypic traits, which serve as a classifier to identify tissue states. Due to gene interactions taken into account in the analysis, we can achieve higher classification accuracy than existing methods.
Our system biology approach is carried out by the Bayesian networks framework. The algorithm consists of two steps: gene filtering by Bayes factor followed by collinearity elimination via network learning. We validate our approach with two clinical data. In the study of lung cancer subtypes discrimination, we obtain a 25-gene classifier from 111 training samples, and the test on 422 independent samples achieves 95% classification accuracy. In the study of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) diagnosis, 61 samples determine a 34-gene classifier, whose diagnosis accuracy on 33 independent samples achieves 82%. The performance comparisons with three other popular methods, PCA/LDA, PAM, and Weighted Voting, confirm that our approach yields superior classification accuracy and a more compact signature.
The system biology approach presented in this paper is able to infer function-dependent transcriptional networks, which in turn can classify biological samples with high accuracy. The validation of our classifier using clinical data demonstrates the promising value of our proposed approach for disease diagnosis.