Table 3

Percentages of correct responses to knowledge items by medical school year
Knowledge items First year % Second year % Third year % P value
Routes of transmission
Sexual contact (n = 915) 100 100 100
Contaminated needles & syringes (n = 914) 98.9 98.7 99.6 0.397
Blood transfusion (n = 911) 94.6 91.6 97 0.54
From mother to child during pregnancy & labour (n = 905) 91 91.5 94 0.577
Tattoos and piercings (n = 906) 80.4 82 82.8 0.781
From mother to child during breastfeeding (n = 908) 36.3 33.8 40.6 0.498
Routes of non-transmission
Hand shaking (n = 908) 99.2 99.4 99.6 0.5
Hugging (n = 906) 99.2 99 99.1 0.978
Sharing utensils with someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 907) 87.7 90.9 91 0.219
Using the same toilet as someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 908) 86.9 89.6 91 0.489
Saliva from someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 892) 73.6 74.8 78.3 0.681
Mosquito bites (n = 904) 69.8 72.6 77.7 <0.001
Basic knowledge of HIV/AIDS treatment
HIV treatment prolongs the life expectancy of HIV-positive patients (n = 908) 89.4 94.1 99.1 <0.001
HIV treatment decreases the chances of infection after unprotected sexual intercourse (n = 904) 50 57.7 70.4 <0.001
HIV treatment decreases the chances of infection after a prick from an infected needle (n = 903) 44.3 53.4 68.5 <0.001
HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy & labour can be prevented (n = 907) 38.6 46.4 57.9 <0.001

The percentage represents the number of students who answered correctly out of all the students who answered the particular question (n). Students who did not answer a question were considered absent from the statistic regarding that particular question. The selection of ‘don’t know’ as an answer was considered as a wrong answer.

Baytner-Zamir et al.

Baytner-Zamir et al. BMC Research Notes 2014 7:168   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-7-168

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