Table 2

Frequency and percentages of knowledge regarding routes of HIV/AIDS transmission, non-transmission and HIV treatment
Knowledge items % of students who answered correctly
Routes of transmission
Sexual contact (n = 915) 100
Contaminated needles & syringes (n = 914) 99
Blood transfusion (n = 911) 94.2
From mother to child during pregnancy & labor (n = 905) 91.9
Tattoos and piercings (n = 906) 81.6
From mother to child during breastfeeding (n = 908) 36.6
Routes of non-transmission
Hand shaking (n = 908) 99.3
Hugging (n = 906) 99.1
Sharing utensils with someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 907) 89.6
Using the same toilet as someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 908) 88.9
Saliva from someone who has HIV/AIDS (n = 892) 75.2
Mosquito bites (n = 904) 72.8
Basic knowledge of HIV/AIDS treatment
HIV treatment prolongs the life expectancy of HIV-positive patients (n = 908) 93.5
HIV treatment decreases the chances of infection after unprotected sexual intercourse (n = 904) 57.9
HIV treatment decreases the chances of infection after a prick from an infected needle (n = 903) 53.6
HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy & labour can be prevented (n = 907) 46.2

The percentage represents the number of students who answered correctly out of all the students who answered the particular question (n). Students who did not answer a question were considered absent from the statistic regarding that particular question. The selection of ‘don’t know’ as an answer was considered as a wrong answer.

The percentage represents the number of students who answered correctly out of all the students who answered the particular question (n). Students who did not answer a question were considered absent from the statistic regarding that particular question. The selection of ‘don’t know’ as an answer was considered as a wrong answer.

Baytner-Zamir et al.

Baytner-Zamir et al. BMC Research Notes 2014 7:168   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-7-168

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