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Open Access Short Report

A novel long term short interval physical activity regime improves body composition in mice

Jorming Goh12 and Warren C Ladiges2*

Author Affiliations

1 Interdisciplinary Program in Nutritional Sciences Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

2 Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

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BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:66  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-66

Published: 19 February 2013

Abstract

Background

Exercise training (ET) and physical activity (PA) offer obvious health benefits in regular participants. In pre-clinical animal models, treadmills and running wheels are the models of choice for intervention studies using ET and PA. However, the frequency and duration necessary for positive effects on health are not completely understood. We investigated the impact of short duration voluntary wheel running on body composition in FVB × C57BL/6 F1 hybrid mice over 22 weeks. Mice were randomized and given access to voluntary wheel running (N = 6) or locked wheels (N = 5) for 1 hour per night during the dark cycle, 5 days per week.

Finding

Average weekly running distance was generally cyclic in nature over the 22 weeks but did not change significantly from week to week, except for a difference between week 3 and week 9 (P = 0.05). Daily running distances ranged from 0.78 km to 1.45 km. Compared with non-runners, runners demonstrated significantly lower relative fat mass (9.98 ± 0.56% vs. 14.91 ± 1.47%, P = 0.0067) and significantly higher relative lean mass (79.18 ± 0.65% vs. 75.41 ± 1.28%, P = 0.019). No differences were observed with respect to glucose metabolism.

Conclusion

Voluntary wheel running for one hour a day five days a week over a five month period improved body composition in young adult mice. This repetitive short interval exercise regime should be a useful model to investigate the effects of structured moderate intensity physical activity on physiological performance and chronic disease conditions in mice.

Keywords:
Long term physical activity; Wheel running; FVB; C57BL/6; F1 hybrid mice; Fat mass; Lean body mass; Short interval running