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Awareness regarding the importance of calcium and vitamin D among the undergraduate pharmacy students in Bangladesh

Riaz Uddin1*, Naz Hasan Huda1, Yeakuty Marzan Jhanker2, Tasbira Jesmeen1, Mohammad Zafar Imam1 and Saleha Akter3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pharmacy, Stamford University Bangladesh, 51 Siddeswari Road, Dhaka, 1217, Bangladesh

2 Department of Pharmacy, The University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3 Department of Pharmacy, Primeasia University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:134  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-134

Published: 5 April 2013



Calcium and vitamin D are two important micronutrients required for maintaining proper bone health. Previous works intended to determine the status of these micronutrients in local population have reported that the people in Bangladesh are at high risk of calcium insufficiency and hypovitaminosis D related health complications. Lack of awareness and insufficient knowledge of the essentiality of these two nutrients are assumed to cause this problem in Bangladesh. The present study was designed and conducted to establish a basic understanding on the level of gap of knowledge and awareness among pharmacy students at undergraduate level in Bangladesh.


A total of 713 students of Bachelor of Pharmacy course participated in the study. The students were asked about basic idea related to calcium and vitamin D and the disorders due to their deficiency, name of common foods containing calcium and vitamin D, their perception regarding the essentiality of the said nutrients etc. It was found that most of the students were familiar with the importance of calcium (98.9%) and vitamin D (99.3%) in bone health. 82.2% students know about the term osteoporosis. Unfortunately, 10.7% and 18.8% students failed to mention at least one food that is rich in calcium and vitamin D, respectively. Most of the students got familiar about the nutrients from their teachers (48.9%) and textbooks (32.8%).


Being a student of pharmacy, the students should have more comprehensive knowledge about calcium and vitamin D. The present study indicates that the pharmacy students have lack of knowledge about calcium and vitamin D and thus it can be clearly predicted that the condition of general people may be worse.

Calcium; Calcium inadequacy; Vitamin D; Hypovitaminosis D