Sleep education in pediatric residency programs: a cross-cultural look
1 The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and Saint Joseph’s University, Philadelphia, USA
2 Sleep Well Clinics, Christchurch, New Zealand
3 Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea
4 National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
5 University of Medicine and Pharmacy, HCMC, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
6 Tokyo Bay Urayasu/Ichikawa Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
7 Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Ma Liu Shui, Hong Kong
8 Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
9 Medical School University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
10 Sydney Children’s Hospital and University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
11 National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:130 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-6-130Published: 3 April 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of education about sleep and sleep disorders in pediatric residency programs and to identify barriers to providing such education.
Surveys were completed by directors of 152 pediatric residency programs across 10 countries (Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, United States-Canada, and Vietnam).
Overall, the average amount of time spent on sleep education is 4.4 hours (median = 2.0 hours), with 23% responding that their pediatric residency program provides no sleep education. Almost all programs (94.8%) offer less than 10 hours of instruction. The predominant topics covered include sleep-related development, as well as normal sleep, sleep-related breathing disorders, parasomnias, and behavioral insomnia of childhood.
These results indicate that there is still a need for more efforts to include sleep-related education in all pediatric residency programs, as well as coverage of the breadth of sleep-related topics. Such education would be consistent with the increased recognition of the importance of sleep and under-diagnosis of sleep disorders in children and adolescents.