Table 3

Associations between three dimensions of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales and different forms of health behaviour adjusted for age and sex* (results from binary logistic and multinomial regression indicate odds ratio per unit change in HLOC dimension score, separate models for each form of behaviour**)
ILOC p-value PLOC p-value CLOC p-value
Behaviour OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Cigarette smoking (N=3229 ) Non-Smoker 1 1 1
Ex-Smoker 1.01 (0.95-1.07) 0.826 0.95 (0.89-1.01) 0.084 0.96 (0.91-1.02) 0.230
Smoker 1.01 (0.96-1.06) 0.778 0.97 (0.92-1.02) 0.165 1.09 (1.04-1-15) 0.001
Alcohol consumption (N=3271) Never 1 1 1
Less than once a week 1.03 (0.96-1.11) 0.449 1.03 (0.95-1.11) 0.494 0.97 (0.90-1.04) 0.397
Once a week 1.04 (0.97-1-12) 0.318 0.99 (0.92-1.07) 0.847 0.96 (0.89-1.04) 0.318
Several times every week 1.04 (0.97-1-12) 0.297 0.94 (0.87-1.01) 0.111 1.02 (0.95-1.10) 0.563
Every day or more 1.07 (0.93-1.23) 0.363 0.95 (0.82-1.09) 0.442 1.19 (0.97-1.07) 0.013
Drug intake (N=3189) No 1 0.801 1 0.012 1 0.319
Yes 0.99 (0.93-1.06) 0.92 (0.85-0.98) 1.04 (0.97-1.11)
Weight (N=3154) Underweight 0.93 (0.84-1.02) 0.116 1.10 (0.99-1.22) 0.069 0.91 (0.82-1.01) 0.068
Normal weight 1 1 1
Overweight 0.98 (0.93-1.04) 0.562 1.04 (0.99-1.10) 0.133 1.04 (0.98-1.09) 0.019
Physical activity (N=3263) At least 3 times a week 1 1 1
1 to 2 times a week 0.87 (0.83-0.91) <0.001 1.08 (1.03-1.13) 0.002 1.06 (1.01-1.11) 0.019
Less than once a week 0.86 (0.81-0.91) <0.001 1.07 (1.01-1.13) 0.026 1.12 (1.06-1.18) <0.001
Importance of healthy nutrition (N=3281) Very important 1 1 1
Somewhat important 0.89 (0.84-0.94) <0.001 1.02 (0.97-1.08) 0.458 1.04 (0.99-1.10) 0.140
Important 0.79 (0.74-0.84) <0.001 0.96 (0.90-1.02) 0.135 1.10 (1.04-1.17) 0.001
Somewhat unimportant 0.79 (0.72-0.87) <0.001 0.90 (0.82-0.99) 0.025 1.25 (1.14-1.37) <0.001
Very unimportant 0.64 (0.55-0.74) <0.001 0.83 (0.71-0.97) 0.016 1.29 (1.11-1.49) 0.001

* The first category of each health behaviour variable in the table indicated the reference group.

ILOC – internal locus of control.

PLOC – external locus of control dimension “powerful others”.

CLOC – external locus of control dimension “chance”.

OR – odds ratio.

CI – confidence interval.

** All models were composed of sex and age, and the three HLOC scales as independent variables.

Helmer et al.

Helmer et al. BMC Research Notes 2012 5:703   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-703

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