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Open Access Research article

Jejunoileal atresia and cystic fibrosis: don’t miss it

Carolien L Siersma1, Bart L Rottier1, Jan BF Hulscher2, Katelijne Bouman3 and Margriet van Stuijvenberg1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, CA51 Hanzeplein 1, PO Box 30001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands

2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

3 Department of Genetics, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:677  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-677

Published: 7 December 2012

Abstract

Background

While an increased prevalence of cystic fibrosis (CF) in patients with jejunal atresia and ileal atresia (JIA) has been described previously, it still may not be a practice routine to indicate a sweat test or DNA test for CFTR mutations in newborns presenting with JIA. Leading textbooks do not mention JIA as a possible presenting clinical feature of CF. We describe two cases of JIA with a delayed diagnosis of CF (4 months [post mortem] and 19 months). This led to a retrospective review of all patients with JIA in our hospital. We hypothesised that also in the past although indicated further testing for CF had not always been performed.

Methods

Over an 18-year period from January 1991 until December 2008, all cases of JIA in our centre were reviewed (n=50). We compared patients who have been tested for CF (n=18) with patients who have not been tested for CF (n=32), with respect to their patient characteristics, either by logistic regression analysis or a nonparametric test (p<0.05).

Results

Of all 50 patients the proportion of infants actually tested for CF was 18 (36%). A statistical significant difference between the group of patients who were tested for CF versus the group of those who were not tested was found in a higher occurrence of postoperative bilious retention after 7 days (56% versus 25%, respectively), and postoperative complications (78% versus 34%, respectively). CF was confirmed in 4 (8%).

Conclusion

Testing for CF in newborns presenting with JIA does not appear to be common practice. A timely diagnosis of CF leads to presymptomatic treatment and has beneficial effects on morbidity and mortality. CF should be tested for in all children with JIA. We recommend a sweat test for term children and CFTR DNA testing as a first step for preterm infants. Medical professional awareness may be increased if future editions of leading text books in the relevant fields should include JIA as an indication to follow an appropriate CF-diagnostic algorithm.

Trial registration

Statement on reporting of a clinical trial: This article is not based on a clinical trial.

Keywords:
Jejunal atresia; Ileal atresia; Small bowel atresia; Cystic fibrosis