Indices of body fat distribution for assessment of lipodysthrophy in people living with HIV/AIDS
1 Department of Physiotherapy, Univ. Estadual Paulista, Campus of Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Departamento de Educação Física, Universidade Estadual PaulistaUNESP, Rua Roberto Simonsen, 305 Centro Educacional, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, CEP 19.060-900, Brasil
3 Physical Education, Univ. Estadual Paulista, Campus of Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Department of Nursing, São Paulo Federal University, São Paulo, Brazil
5 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Center of São Paulo State, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil
6 Department of Physical Education, Univ. Estadual Paulista, Campus of Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil
BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:543 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-543Published: 2 October 2012
Metabolic and morphological changes associated with excessive abdominal fat, after the introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA). Accurate methods for body composition analysis are expensive and the use of anthropometric indices is an alternative. However the investigations about this subject in PLWHA are rare, making this research very important for clinical purpose and to advance scientific knowledge. The aim of this study is to correlate results of anthropometric indices of evaluation of body fat distribution with the results obtained by Dual-energy X-Ray Absorptiometry(DEXA), in people living with HIV/AIDS.
The sample was of 67 PLWHA(39 male and 28 female), aged 43.6
The waist/height ratio presented the highest correlation coefficient, for both male (r=0.80, p<0.001) and female (r=0.87, p <001), while the lowest were in the waist/thigh also for both: male group (r=0.58, p<0.001) and female group (r=0.03, p=0.86). The other indices also showed significant positive correlation with DEXA.
Anthropometric indices, especially waist/height ratio may be a good alternative way to be used for evaluating the distribution of fat in the abdominal region of adults living with HIV/ADIS.