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Open Access Short Report

Characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes and heart failure in the United Arab Emirates

Abdulla Shehab1*, Bayan Al-Dabbagh1*, Wael Almahmeed2, Nazar Bustani2, Nicolaas Nagelkerke3, Afzal Yusufali4, Adel Wassef5, Mohamed Ibrahim6 and Azan Bin Brek7

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

2 Heart and Vascular Institute, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

3 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

4 Dubai Heart Centre, Dubai Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

5 Obaidallah Hospital (Saif Hospital), MOH, Ras Al-Khaimah, United Arab Emirates

6 Department of Cardiology, Kuwaiti Hospital, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

7 Department of Cardiology, Rashid Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:534  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-534

Published: 26 September 2012

Abstract

Background

Heart failure (HF) is a serious complication of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and is associated with high in-hospital mortality and poor long-term survival. The aims of this study were to describe the clinical characteristics, management and in-hospital outcomes of coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with HF in the United Arab Emirates.

Findings

The study was selected from the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE), a prospective multi-national, multicenter registry of patients hospitalized with ACS in six Middle East countries. The present analysis was focused on participants admitted to various hospitals in the UAE with a diagnosis of ACS in 2007 and were analyzed in terms of HF (Killip class II/III and IV) on admission. Of 1691 patients (mean age: 52.6 ± 11.7 years; 210 Females, 1481 Males) with ACS, 356 (21%) had an admission diagnosis of HF (Killip class II/III and IV). HF patients were less frequently males (19.2% vs. 34.3%; P < 0.001). HF was more frequently associated with hypertension (64.3% vs. 43.9%; P < 0.001), hyperlipidemia (49.4% vs. 31.8%; P < 0.001) and diabetes mellitus (DM) (51.1% vs. 36.2%; P < 0.001). HF was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (OR = 11.821; 95% CI: 5.385-25.948; P < 0.001). In multivariate logistic regression, age, hyperlipidemia, heart rate and DM were associated with higher in-hospital HF.

Conclusions

HF is observed in about 1 in 5 patients with ACS in the UAE and is associated with a significant increase in in-hospital mortality and other adverse outcomes.

Keywords:
Heart failure; Acute coronary syndrome; United Arab Emirates