Table 1

Patient characteristics at diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis
At risk of first-time hepatic encephalopathy At risk of first-time ascites At risk of first-time variceal bleeding All patients
Number of patients 417 164 410 466
Total follow-up time 1481 years 553 years 1420 years 1611 years
Complications at cirrhosis diagnosis
 None 114 (27%) 114 (70%) 114 (28%) 114 (24%)
 Hepatic encephalopathy - 21 (13%) 42 (10%) 49 (11%)
 Ascites 274 (66%) - 277 (68%) 302 (65%)
 Variceal bleeding 49 (12%) 31 (19%) - 56 (12%)
GEC, median (25th – 75th percentile) 1.59 (1.36-1.88) 1.75 (1.48-2.06) 1.55 (1.34-1.79) 1.56 (1.35-1.86)
Alcohol consumers (%) 327 (78%) 124 (76%) 313 (76%) 366 (79%)
Plasma sodium, median (25th – 75th percentile) 136 (132–139) 138 (135–140) 136 (132–139) 136 (132–139)
Charlson Comorbidity Index > 0 157 (38%) 76 (46%) 153 (37%) 177 (38%)
Age, median (25th – 75th percentile) 51 (45–60) 53 (47–61) 53 (46–61) 53 (47–61)
Men (%) 295 (71%) 123 (75%) 284 (69%) 329 (71%)
Events during follow-up
 First-time hepatic encephalopathy 120 (29%)# 19 (12%) 75 (18%) 120 (26%)
 First-time ascites 45 (11%) 55 (34%)# 41 (10%) 55 (12%)
 First-time variceal bleeding 78 (19%) 18 (11%) 91 (22%)# 91 (20%)
 Death 150 (36%) 57 (35%) 192 (47%) 299 (64%)

Patients may have more than one complication.

# Follow-up stopped when this event occurred.

Jepsen et al.

Jepsen et al. BMC Research Notes 2012 5:509   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-509

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