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Open Access Research article

The effectiveness of a group psycho-educational program on family caregiver burden of patients with mental disorders

Ali Navidian1*, Fatihe Kermansaravi2 and Shahindokht Navabi Rigi3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Mental Health & Psychiatric Nursing, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

3 Department of Midwifery, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:399  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-399

Published: 1 August 2012

Abstract

Background

Brief family intervention may have a positive impact on family caregivers for patients with mental disorders. We assessed the effectiveness of a group psycho-educational program on family caregivers for patients with schizophrenia and mood disorders.

Methods

This randomized controlled trial was performed on 100 caregivers for patients with mental disorders attending the Isfahan Behavioral Sciences Research Center (IBSRC), in Isfahan, Iran. One hundred family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia (nā€‰=ā€‰50) and mood disorders (nā€‰=ā€‰50) were selected and assigned randomly to either a psycho-educational group intervention or routine care in each diagnosis category. The caregivers were followed for 3 months. Caregiver burden was assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview

Results

The mean scores of the Zarit caregiver burden decreased significantly for the group that participated in the psycho-educational program, while scores in the control group did not change significantly.

Conclusions

This group intervention program was effective to reduce the caregiver burden for both categories of mental disorders in the Iranian population. This group intervention program may improve the quality of life of patients and caregivers by improving the standards of care giving.

Trial registration

RCT registration number: IRCT138804272200N

Keywords:
Mental disorders; Caregivers; Education; Iran