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Open Access Short Report

Comparison of memory impairments among two groups of patients with diabetes with different disease durations

Mohamad Ali Heidari Gorji1, Heshmatollah Ghahremanlu2, Mohsen Haghshenas3, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi4* and Ali Morad Heidari Gorji1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Nursing, Mazandaran Medical Science University, Sari, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of Pediatric, Babol Medical Science University, Babol, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:353  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-353

Published: 16 July 2012

Abstract

Background

Modest cognitive impairment has been reported in adults with diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to compare memory impairments among two groups of patients with diabetes with different disease durations.

This study included 120 patients treated at the diabetes clinic at Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ardebil, Iran, over 14 months (2009–2010). The patients were divided into two groups according to their disease duration as >5 years or <1 year (recently diagnosed). The two groups were approximately matched in terms of age and education. Memory impairments were examined using the Wechsler Memory Scale. Data are presented descriptively, and were compared between groups using multivariate analysis of variance.

Finding

Overall, there were no significant differences in total scores or individual subscales between the two groups. However, 59% of all patients had below-average scores on the Wechsler memory questionnaire.

Conclusion

Both groups reported below-average scores on the Wechsler Memory Scale that were independent of disease duration. The present study agreed with the results of other studies showing impaired memory among patients with diabetes. The current findings require further investigation in longitudinal studies.