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Open Access Short Report

Gene expression pattern of the epidermal growth factor receptor family and LRIG1 in renal cell carcinoma

Marcus Thomasson1*, Håkan Hedman1, Börje Ljungberg2 and Roger Henriksson1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden

2 Department of Surgery and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:216  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-216

Published: 3 May 2012

Abstract

Background

Previous studies have revealed altered expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-family members and their endogenous inhibitor leucine-rich and immunoglobulin-like domains 1 (LRIG1) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). In this study, we analyzed the gene expression levels of EGFR-family members and LRIG1, and their possible associations with clinical parameters in various types of RCC.

Methods

Gene expression levels of EGFR–family members and LRIG1 were analyzed in 104 RCC samples, including 81 clear cell RCC (ccRCC), 15 papillary RCC (pRCC), and 7 chromophobe RCC (chRCC) by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Associations between gene expression levels and clinical data, including tumor grade, stage, and patient survival were statistically assessed.

Results

Compared to kidney cortex, EGFR was up-regulated in ccRCC and pRCC, LRIG1 and ERBB2 were down-regulated in ccRCC, and ERBB4 was strongly down-regulated in all RCC types. ERBB3 expression did not differ between RCC types or between RCC and the kidney cortex. The expression of the analyzed genes did not correlate with patient outcome.

Conclusions

This study revealed that the previously described up-regulation of EGFR and down-regulation of ERBB4 occurred in all analyzed RCC types, whereas down-regulation of ERBB2 and LRIG1 was only present in ccRCC. These observations illustrate the need to evaluate the different RCC types individually when analyzing molecules of interest and potential biological markers.

Keywords:
Renal cell carcinoma; EGFR; ERBB2; ERBB3; ERRB4; LRIG1; Survival