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Open Access Short Report

Anaemia among adults in Kassala, Eastern Sudan

Tajeldin M Abdallah1, Ishag Adam2, Mutaz A Abdelhadi3, Mohammed F Siddig1 and AbdelAziem A Ali14*

Author Affiliations

1 Faculty of Medicine, Kassala University, Kassala, P. O Box 496, Sudan

2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 102, Khartoum, Sudan

3 Ministry of Health, Kassala, P.O. Box 74, Kassala, Sudan

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kassala University, P.O. Box 496, Kassala, Sudan

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BMC Research Notes 2012, 5:202  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-5-202

Published: 26 April 2012

Abstract

Background

The increased heterogeneity in the distribution of social and biological risk factors makes the epidemiology of anaemia a real challenge. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Kassala, Eastern Sudan during the period of January — March 2011 to investigate the prevalence and predictors of anaemia among adults (> 15 years old).

Findings

Out of 646, 234 (36.2%) adults had anaemia; 68 (10.5%); 129 (20.0%) and 37 (5.7%) had mild, moderate and severe anaemia, respectively. In logistic regression analyses, age (OR = 1.0, CI = 0.9–1, P = 0.7), rural vs. urban residency (OR = 0.9, CI = 0.7–1.3, P = 0.9), female vs. male gender (OR = 0.8, CI = 0.6–1.1, P = 0.3), educational level ≥ secondary level vs. < secondary level (OR = 1.0, CI = 0.6–1.6, P = 0.8) and Hudandawa vs. non-Hudandawa ethnicity (OR = 0.8, CI = 0.6–1, P = 0.1) were not associated with anaemia.

Conclusion

There was a high prevalence of anaemia in this setting, anaemia affected adults regardless to their age, sex and educational level. Therefore, anaemia is needed to be screened for routinely and supplements have to be employed in this setting.