Table 1

Comparison of the adequacy of nutrient and energy consumption between the eutrophic and obese children

Energy

and Nutrients

Children


Eutrophic

(n = 41)

Obese

(n = 42)


Mean ± sd

Mean ± sd

p-value*

Energy consumption - kcal

1934.2 ± 672.7

1835.8 ± 621.2

0.491

Protein- g

73.6 ± 30.1

73.1 ± 25.2

0.822

Carbohydrate- g

284.9 ± 93.6

270.3 ± 95.5

0.483

Fat - g

57.6 ± 29.2

52.6 ± 25.3

0.397

Dietary fiber - g

20.7 ± 11.4

14.8 ± 9.1

0.011

Iron -mg

15.7 ± 3.0

14.3 ± 2.7

0.243

Vitamin A - mcg

512.6 ± 316.3

917.2 ± 534.2

0.028

Vitamin C - mg

63.07 ± 56.3

64.4 ± 53.3

0.986

Calcium -mg

678.6 ± 295.9

613.8 ± 295.3

0.320

n (%)

n (%)

Protein:

Low intake

5 (12.2)

1 (2.4)

ρ = 0.084

χ2 = 3.000

Adequate intake

36 (87.8)

41 (97.6)

High intake

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

Carbohydrate:

Low intake

1 (2.4)

0 (0.0)

ρ = 0.593

χ2 = 1.047

Adequate intake

33 (80.5)

35 (83.3)

High intake

7 (17.1)

7 (16.7)

Fat:

Low intake

19 (46.3)

22 (52.4)

ρ = 0.435

χ2 = 0.805

Adequate intake

19 (46.3)

18 (42.9)

High intake

3 (7.3)

2 (4.8)

Dietary fiber:

Low recommended

70.7(29)

92.9 (39)

ρ = 0.019

χ2 = 5.447**

Recommended

29.3 (12)

7.1 (3)

Iron:

Inadequate intake

0 (< 1.0)

0 (< 1.0)

Adequate intake

41 (> 99.0)

42 (> 99.0)

Vitamin A:

Inadequate intake

27 (66.0)

7 (16.0)

ρ < 0.0001

χ2 = 20.756

Adequate intake

14 (34.0)

35 (84.0)

Vitamin C:

Inadequate intake

11 (27.0)

4(9.0)

ρ = 0.078

χ2 = 3.109

Adequate intake

30 (73.0)

38 (91.0)

Calcium:

Low recommended

38 (92.7)

40 (95.0)

P = 0.625

Recommended

3(7.3)

2 (5.0)

χ2 = 0.239**


*by student-t test between the eutrophic and obese children; **by Yates' chi-square test

Balthazar and de Oliveira BMC Research Notes 2011 4:567   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-567

Open Data