Health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients
- Equal contributors
1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers, Nigeria
3 Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research Team, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
4 The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29/39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, UK
BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:528 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-528Published: 12 December 2011
Establishment of the health impact of hypertension on quality of life of Nigerians is a step towards controlling the disease. The study aimed to provide a Nigerian specific reference list of utility scores of hypertensive patients with various interacting conditions.
An interviewer-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using hypertensive patients in two purposively selected tertiary hospitals located in South-Eastern Nigeria. Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was used.
A total of 384 participants with either hypertension alone or with hypertension-associated complications were interviewed in the two tertiary hospitals.
The overall mean utility score was 0.35 +/- 0.42. Patients with hypertension alone had the highest overall mean utility score (0.57 +/- 0.29) while hypertensive patients with stroke had the lowest overall mean score (0.04 +/- 0.36). Being a male, increase in age and mean arterial blood pressure, emergency visit and loss of work due to illness were associated with significant decrease in overall utility scores.
This study presented a reference for health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients.