Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Research Notes and BioMed Central.

Open Access Short Report

Health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients

Obinna I Ekwunife13*, Cletus N Aguwa1, Maxwell O Adibe1, Ebenezer Barikpaoar23 and Chioma J Onwuka4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria

2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers, Nigeria

3 Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research Team, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria

4 The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29/39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, UK

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:528  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-528

Published: 12 December 2011

Abstract

Background

Establishment of the health impact of hypertension on quality of life of Nigerians is a step towards controlling the disease. The study aimed to provide a Nigerian specific reference list of utility scores of hypertensive patients with various interacting conditions.

Findings

An interviewer-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using hypertensive patients in two purposively selected tertiary hospitals located in South-Eastern Nigeria. Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was used.

A total of 384 participants with either hypertension alone or with hypertension-associated complications were interviewed in the two tertiary hospitals.

The overall mean utility score was 0.35 +/- 0.42. Patients with hypertension alone had the highest overall mean utility score (0.57 +/- 0.29) while hypertensive patients with stroke had the lowest overall mean score (0.04 +/- 0.36). Being a male, increase in age and mean arterial blood pressure, emergency visit and loss of work due to illness were associated with significant decrease in overall utility scores.

Conclusions

This study presented a reference for health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients.

Keywords:
Quality of life; Hypertension; Cardiovascular disease (CVD); Validation; Nigeria