Table 3

Patterns of self medication with antibiotics among people in Yogyakarta City Indonesia

Patterns of self medication with antibiotics

Number

(n: 41)


1. What were the names of the antibiotics you used in the last month?

Amoxicillin

32

Ampicillin

4

Others (e.g.: fradiomycin-gramicidin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline)

5


2. What were the health problems/symptoms that you used these antibiotics to treat?

Common-cold, cough, sore throat

13

Headache

8

Itching

5

Toothache

5

Fever

5

Others (stomach pain, ear pain, post partum)

5


3. Had you used these antibiotics previously?

Yes

33

No

8


4. Where did you obtain these antibiotics?

Purchased the antibiotics without prescriptions

29

Combination of purchased them without prescriptions and leftovers

5

Combination of purchased them without prescriptions, leftovers, and obtaining from family or friends.

7


5. If you purchased the antibiotics without prescription, where did you purchase them?

Pharmacies

26

Combination of pharmacies, drug stores, and kiosks

8

Kiosks

5

Drug stores

2


6. How did you know about these antibiotics? (sources of information about antibiotics)

Physician, pharmacist

21

Friends, Relatives

13

Combination of pharmacist, pharmacy assistant, drug store owners, and health professionals at primary health care

4

Magazine, advertising, brochure

2

Past experiences

1


7. What was the cost of these antibiotics?

Less than $ 0.5

12

Free (obtained from relatives/friends; leftovers)

11

$ 0.5 to $ 1

9

$ 1 to $ 3

8

More than $ 3

Note: US $ 1 ~ Rp. 10,000 (Indonesian currency)

1


8. How many days did you use this antibiotics?

One day to two days, if necessary

15

Three to seven days

20

More than seven days

6


9. What were your reasons to use these antibiotics to treat your health problems/symptoms with the non-prescribed antibiotics?

Previous successful experiences

24

Saving time

5

Saving money

5

Others (easier, doctors tend to prescribe the same antibiotic, recommended by health professionals)

7


Widayati et al. BMC Research Notes 2011 4:491   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-491

Open Data