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Open Access Research article

Aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a Chilean population, with emphasis on risk factors

Mónica Y Acuña* and Lucía A Cifuentes

Author Affiliations

Programa de Genética, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago, Stgo 8320000, Chile

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BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:464  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-464

Published: 28 October 2011

Abstract

Background

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) is caused principally by the rupture of intracranial aneurisms. Important risk factors have been described such as age, sex, hypertension (HT) and season of the year, among others. The objective is to investigate the demographic characteristics and possible risk factors in a population of Chilean patients.

Methods

This retrospective study was based on the analysis of 244 clinical records of patients diagnosed with aneurismal SAH who were discharged from the Instituto de Neurocirugía ASENJO in Santiago, Chile.

Results

The mean age of patients was 49.85 years and the male:female ratio was 1:2.7. The signs and symptoms were not different between sexes; cephalea (85.7%) was predominant, followed by loss of consciousness, vomiting/nausea and meningeal signs. Risk factors included sex, age and HT. Concordant with other reports, the incidence of SAH was greatest in spring.

Conclusions

The demographic characteristics and risk factors observed in patients with aneurismal SAH treated in ASENJO were comparable to those of other populations. We were not able to conclude that tobacco and alcohol consumption were risk factors for this population.