Table 2

Respondents Reasons for Migration for Post-Graduation or Staying In Pakistan.

Mean (standard deviation)


Reasons for migration to train abroad

1. Impact of residency training on future career

8.20(2.35)

2. Financial conditions of doctors

7.97(2.37)

3. Job opportunities

7.90(2.34)

4. Financial situation of residents

7.9(2.41)

5. Working conditions of residents

7.89(2.34)

6. Working condition of doctors

7.87(2.29)

7. Clinical training

6.98(2.51)

8. Research Training

6.93(2.74)

9. Teaching in Residency Programs

6.63(2.74)

10. Social conditions

6.39(2.86)

11. Residency training opportunities

6.35(2.7)

12. Personal conditions

5.94(2.84)

13. Political conditions

5.72(2.89)


Reasons for staying in Pakistan for Post graduation

1. Family ties in Pakistan

8.17(2.60)

2. Desire to settle in Pakistan

7.64(2.67)

3. Desire to serve our people/nation

7.57(2.71)

4. Religious factors

6.38(2.85)

5. Professional satisfaction

6.08(2.61)

6. Adequate/alternative financial support

5.68(2.78)

7. Lack of necessary resources.

5.26(3.08)

8. Quality of training in Pakistan

5.18(2.20)

9. Political factors.

4.75(3.26)

10. Visa Problems.

4.37(2.81)


Imran et al. BMC Research Notes 2011 4:417   doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-417

Open Data