Open Access Short Report

Antibiotics prescribing practices in oral implantology among jordanian dentists. A cross sectional, observational study

Ashraf E AbuKaraky1*, Khaldoon Abu Afifeh2, Adel A Khatib3, Nadiajda O Khdairi3, Hanan M Habarneh3, Waleed KH Ahmad3, Ahmad AS Hamdan1 and Faleh A Sawair1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, and Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

2 Dental Department, The Islamic Hospital, Amman, Jordan

3 Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

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BMC Research Notes 2011, 4:266  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-4-266

Published: 28 July 2011

Abstract

Background

In oral implantology, there is no consensus on the most appropriate regimen for antibiotics prescribing, the decision to prescribe antibiotic is usually based on procedure, patient and clinician related factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the rationale of antibiotic prescribing among Jordanian clinicians who practice oral implantology.

Findings

The target sample for the study was the 250 Jordan Dental Implant Group members. A five page questionnaire contained 41 questions, both closed and open questions were used to collect data. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Windows 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Descriptive statistics were generated.

The response rate was (70.4%) 176/250. Mean age was 37.2 yrs, 49.4% always prescribe antibiotics mainly oral amoxicillin and amoxicillin with clavulinic acid. Antibiotics prescribing increased with flap raising, multiple implants and sinus or bone augmentation. Patient medical condition, periodontitis and oral hygiene were the most important clinical factors in antibiotic prescribing, non-clinical factors were; reading scientific materials, courses and lectures, knowledge gained during training, and the effectiveness and previous experience with the drug.

Conclusions

Wide variations in antibiotics types, routes, dose and duration of administration were found. Recommendations on antibiotic prescribing are needed to prevent antibiotic overprescribing and misuse.

Keywords:
Antibiotics; Dental Implants; Cross Sectional Study