Prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in Vidisha
1 Department of Pathology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Lowther Road, Allahabad, 211001, India
2 Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, People's College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, India
3 Oral Medicine and Radiology, People's College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, India
4 Consultant Dental Surgeon, Vidisha, India
5 District Hospital, Vidisha, India
BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:23 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-23Published: 25 January 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions in patients and to assess their clinicopathological attributes. 3030 subjects belonging to a semi-urban district of Vidisha in Central India were screened. Patients were examined with an overhead examination light and those who were identified with a questionable lesion underwent further investigations. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS software.
8.4 percent of the population studied had one or more oral lesions, associated with prosthetic use, trauma and tobacco consumption. With reference to the habit of tobacco use, 635(21%) were smokers, 1272(42%) tobacco chewers, 341(11%) smokers and chewers, while 1464(48%) neither smoked nor chewed. 256 patients were found to have significant mucosal lesions. Of these, 216 cases agreed to undergo scalpel biopsy confirmation. 88 had leukoplakia, 21 had oral submucous fibrosis, 9 showed smoker's melanosis, 6 patients had lichen planus, 17 had dysplasia, 2 patients had squamous cell carcinoma while there was 1 patient each with lichenoid reaction, angina bullosa hemorrhagica, allergic stomatitis and nutritional stomatitis.
The findings in this population reveal a high prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions and a rampant misuse of variety of addictive substances in the community. Close follow up and systematic evaluation is required in this population. There is an urgent need for awareness programs involving the community health workers, dentists and allied medical professionals.