Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Implementation of uniform information on fetal movement in a Norwegian population reduced delayed reporting of decreased fetal movement and stillbirths in primiparous women - a clinical quality improvement

Eli Saastad124*, Julie Victoria Holm Tveit34, Vicki Flenady5, Babill Stray-Pedersen34, Ruth C Fretts6, Per E Børdahl7 and J Frederik Frøen1

Author Affiliations

1 Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Oslo, Norway

2 Akershus University College, Lillestrøm, Norway

3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre for Perinatal Research, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway

4 University of Oslo, Medical faculty, Norway

5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Queensland, Mater Mothers' Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia

6 Brigham and Women's Hospital, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA and Harvard Medical Associates, Wellesley, MA, USA

7 Institutes for Clinical Medicine, Section for Gynecology and Obstetrics, and University of Bergen, Norway

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BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:2  doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-2

Published: 4 January 2010

Abstract

Background

Delayed maternal reporting of decreased fetal movement (DFM) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Inconsistent information on fetal activity to women during the antenatal period may result in delayed reporting of DFM. We aimed to evaluate an intervention of implementation of uniform information on fetal activity to women during the antenatal period.

Methods

In a prospective before-and-after study, singleton women presenting DFM in the third trimester across 14 hospitals in Norway were registered. Outcome measures were maternal behavior regarding reporting of DFM, concerns and stillbirth. In addition, cross-sectional studies of all women giving birth were undertaken to assess maternal concerns about fetal activity, and population-based data were obtained from the Medical Birth Registry Norway.

Results

Pre- and post-intervention cohorts included 19 407 and 46 143 births with 1 215 and 3 038 women with DFM respectively. Among primiparous women with DFM, a reduction in delayed reporting of DFM (≥48 hrs) OR 0.61 (95% CI 0.47-0.81) and stillbirths OR 0.36 (95% CI 0.19-0.69) was shown in the post-intervention period. No difference was shown in rates of consultations for DFM or maternal concerns. Stillbirth rates and maternal behavior among women who were of non-Western origin, smokers, overweight or >34 years old were unchanged.

Conclusions

Uniform information on fetal activity provided to pregnant women was associated with a reduction in the number of primiparous women who delayed reporting of DFM and a reduction of the stillbirth rates for primiparous women reporting DFM. The information did not appear to increase maternal concerns or rate of consultation. Due to different imperfections in different clinical settings, further studies in other populations replicating these findings are required.