Effect of probe characteristics on the subtractive hybridization efficiency of human genomic DNA
1 US Naval Research Laboratory, Center for Bio/Molecular Science & Engineering, 4555 Overlook Avenue, S W, Washington, DC, 20375, USA
2 NOVA Research Inc, 1900 Elkin St, Suite 230, Alexandria, VA, 22308, USA
BMC Research Notes 2010, 3:109 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-109Published: 20 April 2010
The detection sensitivity of low abundance pathogenic species by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be significantly enhanced by removing host nucleic acids. This selective removal can be performed using a magnetic bead-based solid phase with covalently immobilized capture probes. One of the requirements to attain efficient host background nucleic acids subtraction is the capture probe characteristics.
In this study we investigate how various capture probe characteristics influence the subtraction efficiency. While the primary focus of this report is the impact of probe length, we also studied the impact of probe conformation as well as the amount of capture probe attached to the solid phase. The probes were immobilized on magnetic microbeads functionalized with a phosphorous dendrimer. The subtraction efficiency was assessed by quantitative real time PCR using a single-step capture protocol and genomic DNA as target. Our results indicate that short probes (100 to 200 bp) exhibit the best subtraction efficiency. Additionally, higher subtraction efficiencies with these probes were obtained as the amount of probe immobilized on the solid phase decreased. Under optimal probes condition, our protocol showed a 90 - 95% subtraction efficiency of human genomic DNA.
The characteristics of the capture probe are important for the design of efficient solid phases. The length, conformation and abundance of the probes determine the capture efficiency of the solid phase.