Table 1

Criteria developed to consistently and repeatably identify AVP on right parasternal long and short axis cineloops of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and aortic valve (AoV)
A) RIGHT-SIDED PARASTERNAL LONG-AXIS VIEW OF THE LVOT AND AOV B) RIGHT-SIDED PARASTERNAL SHORT-AXIS VIEW OF THE AOV
· Image obtained from RICS4 · Images obtained from the RICS4
· IVS perpendicular to the ultrasound beam · AoV centred in the middle of the image with all three cusps visible
· Walls of the Ao parallel · TV in the near field of the image
· Two AoV cusps visible · PV in the far field of the image

Abbreviations: Ao – aorta; IVS – inter-ventricular septum; PV – pulmonary valve; RICS4 – right 4th intercostal space; TV – tricuspid valve.

Hallowell and Bowen

Hallowell and Bowen BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:9   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-9

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