Table 2

Occurrence of FMD outbreaks in Eastern Africa (2006–2010)
Country/ Region Number of years with FMD outbreaks Sample submission to WRL (no. of years) FMDV serotypes identified
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Burundi 5 0 - - - - -
Djibouti 0 0 - - - - -
Eritrea 5 0 - - - - -
Ethiopia 5 4 Oab Oa, Aa SAT1a, SAT2a Ob, Ab Ob, Ab, SAT2b Ob, SAT2b
Kenya 5 4 Ab, SAT1ab SAT 2a Oa, SAT2a Oab, Ab, SAT 2b Ob, Ab, SAT1b, SAT 2b Ob, Ab SAT1b, SAT 2b
Puntland nr 0 - - - - -
Rwanda 1 1 negb - - - -
Somalia nr 1 - - - negb -
Somaliland nr 0 - - - - -
South Sudan* 5 0 - - - - -
Sudan 3 1 Aa SAT 2ab Oa, SAT 2a - -
Tanzania 5 2 SAT 1b - - - negb
Uganda 5 2 Oa Ob Oa Oa, negb -

nr: NRL did not reply to this question, -: no FMDV serotypes identified in a particular year, neg: negative samples, a: data obtained from NCBI, Gene Bank for isolates collected during 2006–2010, b: data from annual reports of WRLFMD, Pirbright for 2006–2010. *: the lack of data from South Sudan reflects the very recent division of Sudan into Sudan and South Sudan in 2011.

Namatovu et al.

Namatovu et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:19   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-9-19

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