Table 2

Results of complete blood count and serum chemistries pre- and post- meloxicam treatment
Pre-tx Post-tx
Parameter Reference Mean Mean
(Units) Ranges (min – max) (min – max)
Sodium (mEq/L) 146 – 156 153.83 (149–156) 151.17 (149–153)
Chloride (mEq/L) 109 – 125 115 (111–118) 118.83* (118–120)
Potassium (mEq/L) 3.8 – 7.3 4.13 (3.8-4.4) 4.35 (4.0-4.5)
Calcium (mg/dL) 8.4 – 10.8 9.2 (8.7-9.7) 9.3 (8.7-10.0)
Bicarbonate (mEq/L) 19 – 29 29.67 (27–33) a 22.67* (22–24) a
BUN (mg/dL) 24 – 44 15.00 (10–20) b 21.17* (17–25) b
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.5 – 2.7 1.8 (1.7-2.0) 1.43** (1.3-1.5) a
Total Protein (gm/dL) 5.3 – 7.3 5.83 (5.3-6.2) 5.87 (5.4-6.1)
Albumin (gm/dL) 3.0 – 4.2 2.67 (2.2-2.9) b 2.85 (2.4-3.3) b
GGT (IU/L) 27 – 78 41.83 (31–55) 49.83 (33–89) a
AST (IU/L) 66 – 235 342.67 (156–1150) a 319 (146–926) a
ALP (IU/L) 12 – 97 49.17 (36–75) 55.83 (39–82)
Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 0.0 – 0.3 <.1 <.1
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 6 – 43 21.67 (17–25) 18.83 (10–26)
NEFA (mmol/L) 0 – 0.6 ‡ 0.09 (0.01-0.21) 0.04* (0.01-0.08)
WBC (x10^3/μL) 8.0 – 21.4 9.89 (4.06-17.45) a 9.84 (5.39-14.44) a
RBC (x10^6/μL) 10.1 – 17.3 9.47 (8.16-10.9) a 9.40 (7.97-10.69) a
PCV (%) 27 – 45 25.25 (21.5-28) a 24.67 (21.5-28) a
Fibrinogen (mg/dL) 100 – 500 283 (200–400) 316 (200–500)

* = p value <0.05 for change in values between pre- and post-treatment samples.

** = p value <0.01 for change in values between pre- and post-treatment samples.

a = results contain values outside of reference ranges.

b = results for all animals were outside of reference ranges.

† = adult llama reference ranges obtained from the Clinical Pathology Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University [14].

‡ = normal range not provided from lab, utilized range from Tornquist et al 1999.

Kreuder et al.

Kreuder et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:85   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-85

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