Table 2

Haematological, biochemical and venous blood gas analyses in cows with caecal dilatation
Variable Finding Number of cows
(Mean ± sd, median, minimum, maximum)
[P value from Wilk-Shapiro test]
Haematological variables
PCV (n = 456) Normal (30 – 35%) 240
(33.0 ± 5.0%) Decreased (11 – 29%) 112
[0.783] Increased (36 – 58%) 104
Total leukocyte count (n = 456) Normal (5000 – 10’000/μl) 268
(9450, 1000, 35‘100/μl) Decreased (1000 - 4999/μl) 11
[0.000] Increased (10’001 – 35‘100/μl) 177
Total protein (n = 455) Normal (60 – 80 g/l) 270
(78.7 ± 8.2 g/l) Decreased (32 – 59 g/l) 4
[0.962] Increased (81 – 114 g/l) 181
Fibrinogen (n = 454) Normal (4 – 7 g/l) 323
(5.9 ± 2.1 g/l) Decreased (2 – 3 g/l) 34
[0.185] Increased (8 – 14 g/l) 97
Biochemical variables
Bilirubin (n = 454) Normal (1.5 – 6.5 μmol/l) 303
(5.4, 0.6, 29.1 μmol/l) Decreased (0.6 – 1.4 μmol/l) 5
[0.000] Increased (6.6 – 29.1 μmol/l) 146
Urea (n = 459) Normal (2.4 – 6.5 mmol/l) 264
(6.0, 1.4, 33.3 mmol/l) Decreased (1.4 – 2.3) 8
[0.003] Increased (6.6 – 33.9 mmol/l) 118
Calcium (n = 348) Normal (2.3 – 2.6 mmol/l) 49
(2.1 ± 0.3 mmol/l) Decreased (1.0 – 2.2 mmol/l) 296
[0.619] Increased (2.7 – 3.6 mmol/l) 3
Inorganic phosphorus (n = 346) Normal (1.3 – 2.4 mmol/l) 188
(1.5 ± 0.6 mmol/l) Decreased (0.3 – 1.2 mmol/l) 140
[0.000] Increased (2.5 – 4.5 mmol/l) 18
Magnesium (n = 347) Normal (0.8 – 1.0 mmol/l) 186
(1.0 ± 0.2 mmol/l) Decreased (0.6 – 0.7) 36
[0.760] Increased (1.1 – 2.3 mmol/l) 125
Sodium (n = 459) Normal (145 – 155 mmol/l) 266
(144.6 ± 3.7 mmol/l) Decreased (129 – 144 mmol/l) 191
[0.184] Increased (156 – 160 mmol/l) 2
Chloride (n = 458) Normal (96 – 105 mmol/l) 313
(101, 68, 119 mmol/l) Decreased (57 – 95 mmol/l) 59
[0.001] Increased (106 – 119 mmol/l) 86
Potassium (n = 456) Normal (4.0 – 5.0 mmol/l) 175
(3.9 ± 0.7 mmol/l) Decreased (1.8 – 3.9 mmol/l) 266
[0.194] Increased (5.1 – 7.5) 15
γ-GT (n = 459) Normal (9 – 30 U/l) 389
(22, 9, 169 U/l) [0.000] Increased (31 – 169 mmol/l) 70
ASAT (n = 458) Normal (20 – 103 U/l) 377
(78, 45, 1070 U/l) [0.000] Increased 104 – 1070 U/l) 81
Venous blood gas
pH (n = 426) Normal (7.41 – 7.45) 142
(7.9, 5.0, 10.0) Decreased (7.10 – 7.40) 264
[0.000] Increased (7.46 – 7.50) 20
pCO2 (n = 426) Normal (35.0 – 45.0) 298
(40.7, 24.4, 72.6 mmHg) Decreased (24.4 – 35.0) 54
[0.000] Increased (45.1 – 72.6) 74
Bicarbonate (n = 426) Normal (20.0 – 30.0) 362
(23.6, 14.3, 40.6 mmol/l) Decreased (14.3 – 20.0) 49
[0.000] Increased (30.1 – 40.6) 15
Base excess (n = 426) Normal (−2 to +2) 182
(0.20 ± 3.9 mmol/litre) Decreased (−14.6 to −2.8) 116
[0.051] Increased (2.1 to 16.1) 128

Braun et al.

Braun et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:75   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-75

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