Table 1

Neurological examination of the dog with porencephaly and focal cerebellar vermis atrophy
Test Response
Mentation depressed
Motor coordination ataxia, forelimb hypermetria, weak gait
Limb movement flaccid tetraparesis, hindlimbs more affected than forelimbs
Myotatic reflex increased in all four limbs
Muscle atrophy mild
Proprioceptive positioning present in forelimbs, absent in hindlimbs
Righting reaction normal
Intention tremor present
Nystagmus horizontal
Pupillary light reflex normal, both direct and consensual
Menace reflex absent
Pain delayed response superficial pain, normal deep pain

Machado et al.

Machado et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:246   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-246

Open Data