Marked D-lactic acidosis in a diarrheic calf with expected treatment failure. This calf was able to stand after being lifted but was not able to correct his position if pushed (posture score 5). Laboratory analysis revealed blood base excess of −28 mmol/l and D-lactate concentration of 12.4 mmol/l. This calf would have been underdosed with the intended amount of 500 mmol of sodium bicarbonate which would have an expected buffer capacity of 16.2 mmol/l (body weight 44 kg).
Trefz et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:238 doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-238