Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Bovine Rotavirus
1 Department of Biotechnology, Guangxi Veterinary Research Institute, 51 You Ai Road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530001, China
2 Guangxi Key Laboratory of Animal Vaccines and Diagnostics, 51 You Ai Road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530001, China
3 Department of Pathobiology & Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06260-3089, USA
BMC Veterinary Research 2012, 8:133 doi:10.1186/1746-6148-8-133Published: 15 August 2012
Bovine rotavirus (BRV) infection is common in young calves. This viral infection causes acute diarrhea leading to death. Rapid identification of infected calves is essential to control BRV successfully. Therefore development of simple, highly specific, and sensitive detection method for BRV is needed.
A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed and optimized for rapid detection of BRV. Specific primer sets were designed to target the sequences of the VP6 gene of the neonatal calf diarrhea virus (NCDV) strain of BRV. The RT-LAMP assay was performed in a water bath for 60 minutes at 63°C, and the amplification products were visualized either directly or under ultraviolet light. This BRV specific RT-LAMP assay could detect 3.32 copies of subtype A BRV. No cross-reactions were detected with other bovine pathogens. The ability of RT-LAMP to detect bovine rotavirus was further evaluated with 88 bovine rectal swab samples. Twenty-nine of these samples were found to be positive for BRV using RT-LAMP. The BRV-specific-RT-LAMP results were also confirmed by real-time RT-PCR assay.
The bovine rotavirus-specific RT-LAMP assay was highly sensitive and holds promise as a prompt and simple diagnostic method for the detection of group A bovine rotavirus infection in young calves.