Table 1

Medicinal plants used by farmers for management of diarrhoea in Plateau State

Plant parts in use


S/No

Botanical/Scientific name

Family

Common Name (English)

Nig. Lang Name* (H; Y; I; F; Others)

Folkloric Evidence of Use (%)

Leaves

Stem bark

Roots

Fruits

Seeds

Flower

Whole


1

Acacia albida

Fabaceae (Mimosaceae)

Apple-ring Acacia, Winter Thorn

H: Gawo

1 (0.40%)

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

2

Acacia sieberiana

Fabaceae

White thorn, African laburnum

H: Farar kaya

1 (0.40%)

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

3

Adansonia digitata,

Bombacaceae

Baobab Tree, Judas Fruit

H: Kuka

49 (19.76%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

Adina microcephala

Rubiaceae

Adina, African teak

H: Madacin Rafi, Mangoron rafi

2 (0.81%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

5

Aloe buettneri

Liliaceae

West African aloe

H: Zabuwa; F: Zabuwahi

2 (0.81%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

Anogeissus leiocarpus

Combretaceae

African Birch

H: Marke; Y: Pako dudu, ayin

6 (2.42%)

+

+

-

-

+

-

-

7

Azadirachta indica

Meliaceae

Neem Tree,Nimba, Nimb

H: Dogon Yaro, Darbegiya

2 (0.81%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

Bauhinia rufescens

Fabaceae

Bauhinia

H: Matsagi, Kalgon Allah F: Nammare

1 (0.4%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

Boswellia dalzielii Hutch

Burseraceae

Frankincense tree

H: Ararabi; Hano; F: Mangalede

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Burkea africana

Fabaceae

Wild seringa, Rhodesian ash, seringa tree

H: Gwazan kura, Bakin makarfo F: Jill arab

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

Carica papaya

Caricaceae

Paw-paw

H: Gwanda

3 (1.21%)

-

+

-

-

+

-

-

12

Combretum glutinosum

Combretaceae

-

H: kantakara, Baushe

11 (4.4%)

+

-

+

-

-

-

-

13

Combretum lamprocarpum

Combretaceae

-

H: Bauli; F: Buski daneehi; Zindi; Y: ajantiro

2 (0.81%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

Combretum molle

Combretaceae

Velvet bush/leaf willow

Gupiya (Ron)

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

Croton zambesicus

Euphorbiaceae

Tiger bush

Berom: Lieng

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

Cucumis metuliferus

Cucurbitaceae.

African horned cucumber or melon

Berom: Kwalchungul

14 (5.65%)

-

-

-

+

-

-

+

17

Daniellia oliveri

Fabaceae

African copaiba balsam tree

H: Maje, Kadaura

1 (0.41%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

Detarium senegalensis

Fabaceae

Sweet detar

H: Gobodo; Farar taura

3 (1.31%)

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

19

Erythrophleum sauveolens

Fabaceae

Ordeal tree, Sasswood tree

H: Samberu/Gwaska

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

Erythrophloem africanum

Fabaceae

African blackwood

H:Goska; F: Naretibahi

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

Eucalyptus tereticornis

Myrtaceae

Forest red gum

H: Turare

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbiaceae

Asthma Weed

H: Nonon kurciya; Oegendagar (Doemak)

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

Ficus ingens

Moraceae

Red-leaved fig

F: Nunahi; Bakurahi; H: Kawuri

2 (0.81%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

Ficus platyphylla

Moraceae

Flake/Red Kano rubber tree

H: Gamji; F: Dundehi

2 (0.81%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

25

Ficus sycomorus L

Moraceae

Sycamore fig or fig mullberry

Baure (H)

1 (0.40%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

26

Geranium spp

Geraniaceae

Crane's bill

H: Garahunu

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

Gymnema sylvestris

Asclepiadaceae

Miracle fruit, australian cowplant

H: Kashe zaki

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

Heeri pulcherrima

Anacardiaceae

-

H: Hawayen zaki

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

Jatropha curcas L.

Euphorbiaceae

Purging nut, Barbados nut

H: Bini da zugu, Halallamai Mamulu

1 (0.40%)

+

+

-

-

-

+

-

30

Khaya senegalensis

Meliaceae

African Mahogany

H: Madaci

43 (17.34%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

31

Kigelia africana

Bignoniaceae

Cucumber or Sausage tree

H: Nonon giwa; F: Jillarehi

2 (0.81%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

32

Lasiosiphon kraussianus

Thymelaeaceae

-

H: Shani ka sanni

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

Milletia thonningii

Fabaceae

-

H: Tumburku; Mmaruk (Taroh)

1 (0.40%)

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

34

Mitragyna inermis

Rubiaceae

False abura

H: Giyayya; F: Koli

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

Moringa oleifera

Asclepiadaceae

Drumstick Tree

H: Zogale

4 (1.61%)

+

+

-

-

+

-

-

36

Nauclea latifolia

Rubiaceae

African peach, Pin cushion tree

H: Tafashiya, marga; I: nwabuakonshi; Y: Egbesi plant

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37

Ocimum gratissimum

Lamiaceae

Basil, Curry leaf

H: Daidoya

1 (0.40%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

38

Parkia biglobosa

Fabaceae (Mimosaceae)

African locust bean; Monkey cutlass tree

H: Doruwa

6 (2.42%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

39

Piliostigma reticulatum

Leguminosae Caesalpiniaceae

English: camel's foot (Etkin).

H: 'kalgo; F: Batehi; Y: 'abafin' I: okpo atu

5 (2.02%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

Piliostigma thonningii

Fabaceae

camel's foot, monkey bread, Rhodesian bauhinia

Kalgo/Kargo (Hausa)

5 (2.02%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

41

Prosopis Africana

Fabaceae

Iron wood; Axlewood

H: Kirya; F: Kwahi

3 (1.31)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

42

Psidium guajava

Myrtaceae

Guava

H: Gwaiva

16 (6.45%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

43

Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce

Rubiaceae

Country fig; African peach

H: Tafashi; Y: Ogbase; Hang (Berom)

3 (1.21%)

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

44

Schwenkia americana

Solanaceae

-

H: Dandana; F: Dupuhi; Y: Igbale odan; Collihi (Gwari)

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45

Solanum dasyphyllum

Solanaceae

-

H: Gautan Kaji; Berom: Pyalgwol

6 (2.42%)

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

46

Spermacoce villosus

Rubiaceae

False buttonweed

H: Goga masu Ron: Sandigis

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

Starchytarpheta angustifolia

Verbanaceae

Devil's coach whip

H: Tsarkiyar kuusuu, Wutsiyan kadangare

2 (0.81%)

+

-

+

-

-

-

-

48

Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth

Scrophulariaceae

Witchweed; purple witchweed

H: Wuta-wuta; F: Turguel

1 (0.41%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

49

Tapinanthus dodoniefolius

Loranthaceae

Mistletoe on Locust bean

H: Kauchi

1 (0.40%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

50

Tapinanthus globiferus

Loranthaceae

Mistletoe, loranthus, mulberry mistletoe

H: Kauchi

1 (0.40%)

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

51

Terminalia avicennioides

Combretaceae

-

H: Baushe; Y: Igiodan; I: Edo; Kpayi (Gwari)

11 (4.44%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

Terminalia macroptera

Combretaceae

-

H: Baushe; F: Bodi; Kung (Mwagavul)

11 (4.4%)

+

-

+

-

-

-

-

53

Terminalia mollis

Combretaceae

Large-leaved terminalia

Dakun (Mushere)

2 (0.81%)

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

54

Tridax procumbens

Combretaceae

Coat buttons

Kwalla: Magaja

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

Vernonia guineensis

Asteraceae

-

-

1 (0.40%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

56

Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. (Butyrospermum paradoxum)

Sapotaceae

Sheabutter tree

H: Kadanya; I: okwuma; Y: ak├║ malapa; Mes (Mushere)

2 (0.81%)

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

57

Vitex doniana

Verbanaceae

black plum

H: Dinya; F: Bodilohi (Munjiriya); I: Utakiri; Y: Ori-nla

11 (4.4%)

+

+

-

+

-

-

-


* H, Y, I, F: Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulfulde. +, Part use; -, no information on use of part.

Offiah et al. BMC Veterinary Research 2011 7:36   doi:10.1186/1746-6148-7-36

Open Data