Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of 65 comparative evaluations of hospitalist performancea

Study characteristics

Studies, n (%)b


Country of research

Canada

2 (3.0)

United States

63 (97.0)

Research design

Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trial

9 (13.8)

Interrupted time series

1 (1.5)

Prospective cohort

2 (3.1)

Retrospective cohort

35 (53.8)

Before and after

18 (27.7)

Patient eligibility

Adult patients only

25 (38.5)

Paediatric patients only

10 (15.4)

Older adult patients only (age ≥65 years)

3 (4.6)

Medicare/Medicaid enrolment

3 (4.6)

HMO/VA enrolment

5 (7.7)

Diagnostic/disease eligibility

Asthma/bronchiolitis

3 (4.6)

Chest pain

6 (9.2)

Cancer/haematology

2 (3.1)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

4 (6.2)

Community-acquired or bacterial pneumonia

14 (21.5)

Gastrointestinal/digestive disorders

8 (12.3)

Heart failure

9 (13.8)

Human immunodeficiency virus

1 (1.5)

Hypovolemia/dehydration

2 (3.1)

Myocardial infarction

2 (3.1)

Nutritional/metabolic disorders

4 (6.2)

Orthopaedic and other surgical procedures

9 (13.8)

Psychiatric illness/substance dependency

2 (3.1)

Stroke

4 (6.2)

Trauma

2 (3.1)

Urinary tract infection

4 (6.2)

Viral illness

2 (3.1)

Hospital type

Teaching hospital

54 (83.1)

Community/rural hospital

11 (16.9)

Location of care

General medical/surgical service

60 (92.3)

Chest pain observation unit

2 (3.1)

Intensive care unit

1 (1.5)

Medical short-stay observation unit

1 (1.5)

Psychiatric unit

1 (1.5)

Hospitalist practice structureb

Private hospitalists

22 (33.8)

Nonacademic faculty hospitalists

26 (40.0)

Academic hospitalist attending physicians

33 (47.7)

Mix of practice structures

Comparative practice structureb

Community-based physicians

34 (52.3)

Traditional academic attending physicians

41 (63.1)


aHMO, health maintenance organization; VA, Veterans Affairs; bpercentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding; cnumber of articles may not sum to 65 as several studies compared more than one physician structure.

White and Glazier BMC Medicine 2011 9:58   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-58

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