Table 3

Demographics, social, illness and physical activity characteristics of survey population by ethnicitya

Sample size, n (%)


Demographic variable

Total, N (%)

White

Irish

Black Caribbean

Bangladeshi

Indian

Pakistani

P value


835 (19.5)

733 (17.1)

691 (16.1)

650 (15.2)

648 (15.1)

724 (16.9)

Sex

Male

1,950 (45.5)

365 (43.7)

323 (44.1)

280 (40.5)

321 (49.4)

316 (48.8)

345 (47.7)

≤0.04

Female

2,332 (54.5)

471 (56.1)

410 (55.9)

412 (59.5)

329 (50.6)

331 (51.2)

379 (52.3)

Age, yr

16 to 34

1,774 (41.4)

260 (31.1)

209 (28.5)

269 (38.9)

376 (57.8)

248 (38.3)

412 (56.9)

≤0.001

35 to 54

1,647 (38.5)

355 (42.5)

345 (47.1)

251 (36.3)

187 (28.7)

280 (43.2)

229 (21.6)

55 to 74

862 (20.1)

221 (26.4)

179 (24.4)

171 (24.7)

88 (13.5)

120 (18.5)

83 (11.5)

Marital status

Married

2,674 (62.5)

518 (62.1)

461 (62.8)

279 (40.4)

446 (68.7)

464 (71.7)

506 (69.9)

≤0.001

Divorced/separated

313 (7.3)

75 (9)

78 (10.6)

84 (12.2)

18 (2.8)

32 (4.9)

26 (3.6)

Widowed

142 (3.3)

36 (4.3)

25 (3.4)

18 (2.6)

28 (4.3)

19 (2.9)

16 (2.2)

Single

1,150 (26.9)

205 (24.6)

170 (23.2)

310 (44.9)

157 (24.2)

132 (20.4)

176 (24.3)

Employment status

Employed

2,273 (55)

536 (66.4)

490 (69)

376 (57.4)

181 (29.1)

394 (61.9)

296 (42.4)

≤0.001

Unemployed

168 (4.1)

10 (1.2)

12 (1.7)

39 (6)

40 (6.4)

33 (5.2)

34 (4.9)

Retired

446 (10.8)

130 (16.1)

96 (13.5)

97 (14.8)

33 (5.3)

49 (7.7)

41 (5.9)

Other economically inactive

1,242 (30.1)

131 (16.2)

112 (15.8)

143 (21.8)

369 (59.2)

160 (25.2)

327 (46.8)

Educational level

Degree or above

951 (23.2)

213 (26.5)

195 (27.6)

172 (26)

62 (10.1)

187 (29.9)

122 (17.8)

≤0.001

A level/GCSE

1,549 (37.8)

356 (44.3)

294 (41.6)

272 (41.1)

172 (27.9)

221 (35.3)

234 (34.1)

Foreign qualification

172 (4.2)

32 (4)

35 (5)

30 (4.5)

17 (2.8)

29 (4.6)

29 (4.2)

No qualification

1,428 (34.8)

202 (25.2)

183 (25.9)

188 (28.4)

365 (59.3)

189 (30.2)

301 (43.9)

Social class (employment type)

Nonmanual labour

1,681 (41.9)

463 (56.3)

351 (48.5)

279 (42.7)

92 (16.4)

279 (44.6)

217 (34.5)

≤0.001

Manual labour

2,335 (58.1)

360 (43.7)

372 (51.5)

375 (57.3)

469 (83.6)

347 (55.4)

412 (65.5)

Social support scores (tertiles)

Confiding/emotional support

≤0.001

Low

1,137 (27)

225 (27.1)

194 (26.8)

226 (33.5)

154 (24)

168 (26.5)

170 (24.1)

Average

1,667 (39.6)

301 (36.3)

244 (33.7)

239 (35.4)

313 (48.8)

262 (41.4)

308 (43.7)

High

1,404 (33.4)

303 (36.6)

287 (39.6)

210 (31.1)

174 (27.1)

203 (32.1)

227 (32.2)

Practical support

≤0.001

Low

892 (21.2)

200 (24.1)

149 (20.5)

179 (26.5)

68 (10.6)

145 (22.9)

151 (21.4)

Average

1,308 (31)

296 (35.7)

259 (35.7)

253 (37.4)

130 (20.3)

185 (29.2)

185 (26.2)

High

2,013 (47.8)

334 (40.2)

318 (43.8)

244 (36.1)

443 (69.1)

303 (47.9)

371 (52.5)

Negative aspects of support

≤0.001

Low

646 (15.4)

159 (19.2)

113 (15.6)

135 (20)

31 (4.9)

100 (15.8)

108 (15.3)

Average

1,484 (35.3)

365 (44)

331 (45.6)

225 (33.3)

126 (19.7)

200 (31.6)

237 (33.6)

High

2,078 (49.4)

306 (36.9)

282 (38.8)

316 (46.7)

481 (75.4)

332 (52.5)

361 (51.1)

Chronic strain mean scoresb

1.62

1.34

1.44

1.71

2.31

1.38

1.53

≤0.0001

Perceived discrimination mean scoresb

0.30

0.13

0.15

0.65

0.19

0.39

0.35

≤0.0001

Days of moderate activity ≥30 minutes/day in past 4 weeks

≤0.001

5 or more (high)

1,131 (26.5)

268 (32.1)

231 (31.6)

228 (33.1)

93 (14.3)

170 (26.2)

141 (19.5)

1 to 4 (medium)

1,274 (29.8)

278 (33.3)

247 (33.7)

201 (29.2)

139 (21.4)

192 (29.6)

217 (30.1)

1 or <1 (low)

1,870 (43.7)

288 (34.5)

254 (34.7)

260 (37.7)

418 (64.3)

286 (44.1)

364 (50.4)

Activity intensity

≤0.001

Inactive/light

903 (22)

6 (0.7)

102 (14.4)

116 (17.4)

308 (49.9)

156 (24.9)

215 (31.3)

Moderate/vigorous

3,201 (78)

795 (99.3)

606 (85.6)

549 (82.6)

309 (50.1)

470 (75.1)

472 (68.7)

Anxiety mean scoresb

0.30

0.31

0.38

0.29

0.20

0.29

0.32

0.005

Depressive mean scoresb

0.43

0.41

0.41

0.42

0.36

0.46

0.51

0.003


aGCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education. bweighted mean

Bhui et al. BMC Medicine 2011 9:26   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-26

Open Data