Table 2

Excluded Studies

Study

Reason for Exclusion


Ada 2006

Not a randomised controlled trial.

Barreca 2004

Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.

Dromerick 2009

Interventions included different time periods for wearing of mitt (not an exercise based intervention) and different doses of shaping, therefore, unable to determine which aspect of this intervention would contribute to functional outcomes.

Duncan 2003

Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.

Fang 2003

Control group received no intervention, therefore study investigated effects of physiotherapy rather than an increased intensity of physiotherapy.

Feys 1998

Investigated the effects of an intervention not intensity.

Fisher 2001

Not a randomised controlled trial.

Green 2002

Investigated the effect of an intervention in a specific setting not intensity.

Kuys 2008

Not a randomised controlled trial.

Kwakkel 2002

Examination of a subgroup of the original trial (Kwakkel 1999).

Moreland 2003

Progressive resisted exercise - not the definition of intensity used in this review.

Nugent 1994

Not a controlled or randomised controlled trial.

Page 2004

Investigated the effect of an intervention not intensity.

Richards1993

Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.

Richards 2008

Not a randomised controlled trial.

Sivenius 1985

Extra therapy incorporated components of physical, occupational and speech therapy. It was not possible to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy.

Slade 2002

Therapy analysed included physical, perceptual and cognitive, washing and dressing, daily living activities, group treatment, joint treatment and splinting and this was analysed as 'a package'. It was not possible to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy.

Smith 1981

No specific treatment techniques described. Intensive therapy involved multi disciplinary treatment and therefore difficult to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy. Control group also given extra treatment if deemed necessary.

Sunderland 1992

Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content. The experimental group also included EMG biofeedback.

Wade 1992

Subjects received physiotherapy immediately or after three months delay, therefore effectively the first half of a crossover study - physiotherapy versus no treatment. Therefore not different intensities of the same physiotherapy treatment.

Werner 2002

Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.

Wolf 2007

Not a randomised controlled trial.


Cooke et al. BMC Medicine 2010 8:60   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-8-60

Open Data