Table 2

Lifetime and past-year prevalence of intimate partner violence and intimate partner injury among Native American women participants

Type of Intimate Partner Violence

Lifetime prevalence

Past-year prevalencea


%

(n = 312)

95% CI

%

(n = 273)e

95% CI


Verbal/psychological aggressionb

74.0

68.7, 78.7

50.2

44.1, 56.3

With physical/sexual violence

54.5

48.8, 60.1

26.4

21.3, 32.1

Without physical/sexual violence

19.6

15.4, 24.5

23.8

19.0, 29.4


Physical/sexual violence (any)

58.7

53.0, 64.1

30.1

24.7, 35.9

Physical minor only

19.2

15.1, 24.1

14.3

10.5, 19.1

Physical severe

39.1

33.7, 44.8

15.8

11.7, 20.7


Specific violent actsc

Threw something at herd

27.3

22.5, 32.7

12.5

8.9, 17.1

Pushed, grabbed, or shovedd

54.2

48.5, 59.8

26.8

21.8, 32.6

Slappedd

32.2

27.1, 37.7

12.8

9.2, 17.5

Kicked, bit, or hit with a fist

28.2

23.4, 33.6

9.5

6.4, 13.8

Hit or tried to hit with something

30.2

25.2, 35.7

12.8

9.2, 17.5

Choked

21.2

16.8, 26.2

6.3

3.8, 10.0

Forced into sexual activity

12.2

8.9, 16.5

3.3

1.6, 6.4

Beat up

19.6

15.4, 24.6

5.9

3.5, 9.6

Threatened with a knife or gun

11.5

8.3, 15.7

2.9

1.4, 5.9

Used a knife or fired a gun

1.9

0.7, 3.7f

0.7

0.1, 2.0f


Injury (any)

40.1

34.6, 45.8

16.4

12.3, 21.5


Body parts injuredc

Neck/head/face

31.1

26.1, 36.6

10.4

7.2, 14.9

Back

13.5

10.0, 17.9

5.2

3.0, 8.8

Stomach/chest

10.3

7.2, 14.3

3.0

1.4, 6.0

Private parts

2.6

1.2, 5.2

0.7

0.1, 2.1f

Arms/legs

27.6

22.8, 32.9

11.6

8.1, 16.2

Hands/feet

7.1

4.6, 10.6

2.6

1.1, 5.5


aPast-year prevalence is reported for women who had a boyfriend or spouse during the previous 12 months. bIncludes reports of partner: saying or doing something to hurt her; insulting or swearing at her; throwing, smashing, hitting or kicking something; and/or threatening to hit or throw something at her. cNot mutually exclusive categories. dClassified as minor violence. eN = 268 for past-year injury estimates (five women had missing information). fExact confidence interval.

Malcoe et al. BMC Medicine 2004 2:20   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-2-20

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