Table 7

Modeled impact of preventing ACEs at sample and national population levels on health-harming behaviorsa
Sample Adjusted to national population
Outcome Current prevalence Estimate with 0 ACEs % change Number saved Current prevalence Estimate with 0 ACEs % change Number saved
% n % n % n % n
Sexual behavior
 Unintended teenage pregnancy (<18 years) 5.4 211 3.0 117 -44.5 94 6.2 2199164 3.9 1372812 -37.6 826352
 Early sexual initiation (<16 years) 14.6 566 9.4 363 -35.9 203 16.4 5821047 10.9 3870314 -33.5 1950733
Substance use
 Smoking (current) 22.7 880 18.7 727 -17.4 153 22.7 8075185 18.9 6742668 -16.5 1332517
 Binge drinking (current) 11.3 439 9.6 371 -15.5 68 11.9 4226450 10.1 3581091 -15.3 645359
 Cannabis use (lifetime) 19.5 757 12.9 500 -33.9 257 20.8 7392259 13.9 4945099 -33.1 2447160
 Heroin or crack cocaine use (lifetime) 2.2 84 0.9 35 -58.3 49 2.4 861075 1.0 355251 -58.7 505823
Violence and criminal justice
 Violence victimization (past year) 5.3 204 2.6 100 -51.0 104 5.8 2061912 2.9 1018287 -50.6 1043626
 Violence perpetration (past year) 4.4 170 2.1 81 -52.4 89 4.8 1708728 2.3 820709 -52.0 888019
 Incarceration (lifetime) 7.1 276 3.3 126 -54.3 150 7.5 2683464 3.5 1259175 -53.1 1424289
Diet, weight, and exercise
 Poor diet (current) 15.6 606 13.5 525 -13.4 81 16.1 5712524 13.9 4933592 -13.6 778932
 Low physical exercise (current) 42.9 1667 NCb NCb

Abbreviations: ACE adverse childhood experience; NC not calculated.

aSee Methods section for details of modeling.

bNot calculated as model identified no independent impact of ACEs.

Bellis et al.

Bellis et al. BMC Medicine 2014 12:72   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-72

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