Table 6

AORs for health risk behaviors in ACE count groups
Outcome n ACE Count (reference category 0 ACEs) Demographic factors
P 1 P 2 to 3 P 4+ P Ethnicity Age Sex IMD
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sexual behavior
 Unintended teenage pregnancy (<18 years)a 3836 <0.001 1.95 (1.32 to 2.89) <0.01 2.72 (1.83 to 4.04) <0.001 5.86 (3.93 to 8.74) <0.001 <0.05 ns <0.001 <0.001
 Early sexual initiation (<16 years) 3374 <0.001 1.93 (1.52 to 2.47) <0.001 2.39 (1.83 to 3.10) <0.001 4.77 (3.56 to 6.39) <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Substance use
 Smoking (current) 3885 <0.001 1.20 (0.98 to 1.47) ns 1.64 (1.32 to 2.04) <0.001 3.29 (2.54 to 4.27) <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
 Binge drinking (current) 3885 <0.001 1.36 (1.05 to 1.75) <0.05 1.34 (1.00 to 1.80) <0.05 2.08 (1.47 to 2.94) <0.001 <0.001 <0.01 <0.001 <0.05
 Cannabis use (lifetime) 3878 <0.001 1.80 (1.45 to 2.23) <0.001 2.53 (2.01 to 3.20) <0.001 6.20 (4.74 to 8.12) <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 ns
 Heroin or crack cocaine use (lifetime) 3882 <0.001 1.58 (0.77 to 3.26) ns 4.79 (2.55 to 8.97) <0.001 10.88 (5.86 to 20.18) <0.001 ns <0.001 <0.001 ns
Violence and criminal justice
 Violence victimization (past year) 3883 <0.001 1.60 (1.04 to 2.48) <0.05 4.42 (3.00 to 6.51) <0.001 7.48 (4.92 to 11.38) <0.001 ns <0.001 <0.001 ns
 Violence perpetration (past year) 3884 <0.001 1.71 (1.06 to 2.75) <0.05 4.30 (2.80 to 6.59) <0.001 7.71 (4.90 to 12.14) <0.001 ns <0.001 <0.001 ns
 Incarceration (lifetime) 3879 <0.001 2.63 (1.84 to 3.77) <0.001 3.65 (2.50 to 5.33) <0.001 11.34 (7.67 to 16.75) <0.001 <0.05 <0.05 <0.001 <0.001
Diet, weight and exercise
 Poor diet (current) 3879 <0.001 1.23 (0.99 to 1.54) ns 1.38 (1.08 to 1.77) <0.05 2.00 (1.49 to 2.67) <0.001 ns <0.01 <0.001 <0.001
 Low physical exercise (current) 3881 ns <0.05 <0.001 <0.01 <0.01

Abbreviations: ACE adverse childhood experience; AOR adjusted odds ratios; IMD Index of Multiple Deprivation; NS not significant.

aAccidentally got pregnant (females) or got someone else pregnant (males).

Bellis et al.

Bellis et al. BMC Medicine 2014 12:72   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-72

Open Data