Table 1

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
All ACE questions were preceded by the statement "While you were growing up, before the age of 18…" Responses listed are those categorized here as an ACE.
ACE Question Response
Parental separation Were your parents ever separated or divorced? Yes
Domestic violence How often did your parents or adults in your home ever slap, hit, kick, punch, or beat each other up? Once or more than once
Physical abuse How often did a parent or adult in your home ever hit, beat, kick, or physically hurt you in any way? This does not include gentle smacking for punishment Once or more than once
Verbal abuse How often did a parent or adult in your home ever swear at you, insult you, or put you down? More than once
Sexual abuse How often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) ever touch you sexually? Once or more than once to any of the three questions
How often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) try to make you touch them sexually?
How often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) force you to have any type of sexual intercourse (oral, anal, or vaginal)?
Mental illness Did you live with anyone who was depressed, mentally ill, or suicidal? Yes
Alcohol abuse Did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic? Yes
Drug abuse Did you live with anyone who used illegal street drugs or who abused prescription medications? Yes
Incarceration Did you live with anyone who served time or was sentenced to serve time in a prison or young offenders' institution? Yes

Bellis et al.

Bellis et al. BMC Medicine 2014 12:72   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-72

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