Table 3

List of all different criteria used to compose different classifications of HCAI
Criteria for HCAI Low risk of bias Moderate risk of bias High risk of bias All studies
Criteria included in the initial definition [[3]] Number of studies (number of patients)
Received intravenous therapy 16 (13,082) 7 (3,239) 8 (6,284) 31 (22,605)
Received wound care or specialized nursing care 16 (10,086) 5 (1,594) 7 (3,560) 28 (15,240)
Attended a hospital or a clinic in the last 30 days 16 (17,588) 5 (1,594) 5 (2,015) 26 (21,197)
Received chemotherapy in the last 30 days 15 (10,883) 6 (2,506) 7 (3,043) 28 (16,432)
Receiving hemodialysis 23 (31,272) 7 (2,639) 10 (10,470) 40 (44,381)
Prior hospitalization (in the last year) 24 (32,165) 7 (3,239) 12 (13,904) 43 (49,308)
Resident in a nursing home or long term-care facility 23 (25,468) 7 (3,239) 11 (9,361) 41 (38,068)
Criteria NOT included in the initial definition[3]
Transfer from another care facility 1 (6,697) 1 (4,543) 2 (11,240)
Immunosuppression 4 (8,669) 4 (8,669)
Active or metastatic cancer 1 (7,712) 1 (7,712)
Submitted to invasive procedures previously 1 (319) 1 (912) 1 (831) 3 (2,062)
Family member with a multi-drug resistant microorganism 2 (713) 2 (1,545) 4 (2,258)
Elderly person or physical disable persons who need healthcare 1 (893) 1 (1,385) 2 (2,278)
Surgery in the last 180 days 2 (1,056) 2 (1,056)
Received radiation therapy 1 (1,646) 1 (1,646)
Recent (30 days) treatment with antibiotics 1 (190) 1 (733) 1 (197) 3 (1,120)

HCAI, healthcare-associated infection.

Cardoso et al.

Cardoso et al. BMC Medicine 2014 12:40   doi:10.1186/1741-7015-12-40

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